Development and loss of ferromagnetism controlled by the interplay of Ge concentration and Mn vacancies in structurally modulated Y4Mn 1-xGa12-yGey

Melanie C. Francisco, Christos D. Malliakas, Paula M B Piccoli, Matthias J. Gutmann, Arthur J. Schultz, Mercouri G Kanatzidis

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Abstract

The cubic intermetallic phase Y4Mn1-xGa 12-yGey (x = 0-0.26, y = 0-4.0) has been isolated from a molten gallium flux reaction. It presents a rare example of a system where ferromagnetism can be induced by controlling the vacancies of the magnetic centers. The Y4PdGa12 type crystal structure is made up of a corner-sharing octahedral network of Ga and Ge atoms with Mn atoms at the centers of half the octahedra and Y atoms in the voids. At the highest Ge concentration, y = 4.0, the Mn site is nearly fully occupied, x = 0.05, and the samples are paramagnetic. At a lower Ge concentration, y = 1.0, Mn deficiency develops with x = 0.10. Surprisingly, strong ferromagnetism is observed with Tc = 223 K. When Ge is excluded, y = 0, Mn is substantially deficient at x = 0.26 and ferromagnetism is maintained with a Tc of ∼160 K. In addition, a 6-fold modulated superstructure appears owing to an ordered slab-like segregation of Mn atoms and vacancies. Corresponding bond distortions propagate throughout the octahedral Ga network. Structure-property relationships are examined with X-ray and neutron diffraction, magnetic susceptibility, and electrical resistivity measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8998-9006
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume132
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 7 2010

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Neutron Diffraction
Gallium
Ferromagnetism
X-Ray Diffraction
Vacancies
Atoms
Neutron diffraction
Magnetic susceptibility
Intermetallics
Molten materials
Crystal structure
Fluxes
X ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Catalysis
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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Development and loss of ferromagnetism controlled by the interplay of Ge concentration and Mn vacancies in structurally modulated Y4Mn 1-xGa12-yGey. / Francisco, Melanie C.; Malliakas, Christos D.; Piccoli, Paula M B; Gutmann, Matthias J.; Schultz, Arthur J.; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 132, No. 26, 07.07.2010, p. 8998-9006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Francisco, Melanie C. ; Malliakas, Christos D. ; Piccoli, Paula M B ; Gutmann, Matthias J. ; Schultz, Arthur J. ; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G. / Development and loss of ferromagnetism controlled by the interplay of Ge concentration and Mn vacancies in structurally modulated Y4Mn 1-xGa12-yGey. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2010 ; Vol. 132, No. 26. pp. 8998-9006.
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