Development and loss of ferromagnetism controlled by the interplay of Ge concentration and Mn vacancies in structurally modulated Y4Mn 1-xGa12-yGey

Melanie C. Francisco, Christos D. Malliakas, Paula M.B. Piccoli, Matthias J. Gutmann, Arthur J. Schultz, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)


The cubic intermetallic phase Y4Mn1-xGa 12-yGey (x = 0-0.26, y = 0-4.0) has been isolated from a molten gallium flux reaction. It presents a rare example of a system where ferromagnetism can be induced by controlling the vacancies of the magnetic centers. The Y4PdGa12 type crystal structure is made up of a corner-sharing octahedral network of Ga and Ge atoms with Mn atoms at the centers of half the octahedra and Y atoms in the voids. At the highest Ge concentration, y = 4.0, the Mn site is nearly fully occupied, x = 0.05, and the samples are paramagnetic. At a lower Ge concentration, y = 1.0, Mn deficiency develops with x = 0.10. Surprisingly, strong ferromagnetism is observed with Tc = 223 K. When Ge is excluded, y = 0, Mn is substantially deficient at x = 0.26 and ferromagnetism is maintained with a Tc of ∼160 K. In addition, a 6-fold modulated superstructure appears owing to an ordered slab-like segregation of Mn atoms and vacancies. Corresponding bond distortions propagate throughout the octahedral Ga network. Structure-property relationships are examined with X-ray and neutron diffraction, magnetic susceptibility, and electrical resistivity measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8998-9006
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number26
Publication statusPublished - Jul 7 2010


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this