Dielectric constant of NiO and LDA+U

Lin Hui Ye, Ning Luo, Lian Mao Peng, M. Weinert, A. J. Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The local density approximation (LDA) and generalized gradient approximations (GGA) of density functional theory systematically overestimate the electronic polarizability of materials. We calculate the dielectric constant of NiO by the direct method and find, contrary to previous suggestions, that the LDA+U method reduces the polarization such that É decreases monotonically with increasing U. We illustrate the existence of a linear term in the effective exchange-correlation potential that counteracts the external electric field, thus demonstrating that the decrease of ε is intrinsic to the LDA+U correction. The reduction of the polarization is due mostly to reduced orbital mixing between the unoccupied eg states and the occupied 2p states. Our work establishes LDA+U as a viable method for calculating the dielectric constants of correlated materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number075115
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Feb 13 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Dielectric constant of NiO and LDA+U'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this