Differential heat of reoxidation of reduced V2O5/γ-Al2O3

Paul J. Andersen, Harold H Kung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Four V/γ-Al2O3 catalysts with coverages ranging from 1.4 to 8.2 V atoms/nm2 were examined with heat flow microcalorimetry, Raman spectroscopy, and chemical titration. Raman spectra showed that crystalline V2O5 formed on the Al2O3 surface between coverages of 6.1 and 8.2 V/nm2. The heats and rates of reoxidation of the reduced catalysts were measured in a static adsorption calorimetry system. Both the reoxidation rates and heats were strong functions of the degree of reduction. They decreased as the sample was reoxidized, and the variation depended on the reoxidation conditions. At a degree of reduction equivalent to 0.5 O removed/V ion, the differential heats at 300°C were about 170 kJ/mol of O (or 85 kJ/mol of V) for the two higher loading samples and about 200 kJ/mol of O (100 kJ/mol of V) for the two lower loading samples. However, at low extents of reduction, the situation was reversed and the multilayer samples had higher reoxidation heats such that the integral reoxidation heats were relatively constant independent of V loading. The rates of reduction by H2 and reoxidation by O2 increased as the vanadia coverage increased. The variations in the reoxidation heats and rates with vanadia coverage were related to the structural characteristics of the samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3114-3123
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry
Volume96
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1992

Fingerprint

heat
catalysts
Catalysts
Calorimetry
Titration
heat transmission
titration
Raman spectroscopy
vanadium pentoxide
Hot Temperature
Raman scattering
Multilayers
heat measurement
Ions
Raman spectra
Crystalline materials
Heat transfer
Adsorption
Atoms
adsorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Differential heat of reoxidation of reduced V2O5/γ-Al2O3. / Andersen, Paul J.; Kung, Harold H.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 96, No. 7, 1992, p. 3114-3123.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e3f3432ae14f4e16a94817ad57e28c1a,
title = "Differential heat of reoxidation of reduced V2O5/γ-Al2O3",
abstract = "Four V/γ-Al2O3 catalysts with coverages ranging from 1.4 to 8.2 V atoms/nm2 were examined with heat flow microcalorimetry, Raman spectroscopy, and chemical titration. Raman spectra showed that crystalline V2O5 formed on the Al2O3 surface between coverages of 6.1 and 8.2 V/nm2. The heats and rates of reoxidation of the reduced catalysts were measured in a static adsorption calorimetry system. Both the reoxidation rates and heats were strong functions of the degree of reduction. They decreased as the sample was reoxidized, and the variation depended on the reoxidation conditions. At a degree of reduction equivalent to 0.5 O removed/V ion, the differential heats at 300°C were about 170 kJ/mol of O (or 85 kJ/mol of V) for the two higher loading samples and about 200 kJ/mol of O (100 kJ/mol of V) for the two lower loading samples. However, at low extents of reduction, the situation was reversed and the multilayer samples had higher reoxidation heats such that the integral reoxidation heats were relatively constant independent of V loading. The rates of reduction by H2 and reoxidation by O2 increased as the vanadia coverage increased. The variations in the reoxidation heats and rates with vanadia coverage were related to the structural characteristics of the samples.",
author = "Andersen, {Paul J.} and Kung, {Harold H}",
year = "1992",
language = "English",
volume = "96",
pages = "3114--3123",
journal = "Journal of Physical Chemistry",
issn = "0022-3654",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differential heat of reoxidation of reduced V2O5/γ-Al2O3

AU - Andersen, Paul J.

AU - Kung, Harold H

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - Four V/γ-Al2O3 catalysts with coverages ranging from 1.4 to 8.2 V atoms/nm2 were examined with heat flow microcalorimetry, Raman spectroscopy, and chemical titration. Raman spectra showed that crystalline V2O5 formed on the Al2O3 surface between coverages of 6.1 and 8.2 V/nm2. The heats and rates of reoxidation of the reduced catalysts were measured in a static adsorption calorimetry system. Both the reoxidation rates and heats were strong functions of the degree of reduction. They decreased as the sample was reoxidized, and the variation depended on the reoxidation conditions. At a degree of reduction equivalent to 0.5 O removed/V ion, the differential heats at 300°C were about 170 kJ/mol of O (or 85 kJ/mol of V) for the two higher loading samples and about 200 kJ/mol of O (100 kJ/mol of V) for the two lower loading samples. However, at low extents of reduction, the situation was reversed and the multilayer samples had higher reoxidation heats such that the integral reoxidation heats were relatively constant independent of V loading. The rates of reduction by H2 and reoxidation by O2 increased as the vanadia coverage increased. The variations in the reoxidation heats and rates with vanadia coverage were related to the structural characteristics of the samples.

AB - Four V/γ-Al2O3 catalysts with coverages ranging from 1.4 to 8.2 V atoms/nm2 were examined with heat flow microcalorimetry, Raman spectroscopy, and chemical titration. Raman spectra showed that crystalline V2O5 formed on the Al2O3 surface between coverages of 6.1 and 8.2 V/nm2. The heats and rates of reoxidation of the reduced catalysts were measured in a static adsorption calorimetry system. Both the reoxidation rates and heats were strong functions of the degree of reduction. They decreased as the sample was reoxidized, and the variation depended on the reoxidation conditions. At a degree of reduction equivalent to 0.5 O removed/V ion, the differential heats at 300°C were about 170 kJ/mol of O (or 85 kJ/mol of V) for the two higher loading samples and about 200 kJ/mol of O (100 kJ/mol of V) for the two lower loading samples. However, at low extents of reduction, the situation was reversed and the multilayer samples had higher reoxidation heats such that the integral reoxidation heats were relatively constant independent of V loading. The rates of reduction by H2 and reoxidation by O2 increased as the vanadia coverage increased. The variations in the reoxidation heats and rates with vanadia coverage were related to the structural characteristics of the samples.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037547279&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037547279&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 96

SP - 3114

EP - 3123

JO - Journal of Physical Chemistry

JF - Journal of Physical Chemistry

SN - 0022-3654

IS - 7

ER -