Diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) functionalized tetrathienothiophene (TTA) small molecules for organic thin film transistors and photovoltaic cells

Nanjia Zhou, Sureshraju Vegiraju, Xinge Yu, Eric F. Manley, Melanie R. Butler, Matthew J. Leonardi, Peijun Guo, Wei Zhao, Yan Hu, Kumaresan Prabakaran, Robert P. H. Chang, Mark A Ratner, Lin X. Chen, Antonio Facchetti, Ming Chou Chen, Tobin J Marks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two novel π-conjugated small molecules based on the electron-deficient diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) and the electron-rich fused tetrathienoacene (TTA) frameworks are synthesized and characterized. As verified in the bandgap compression of these chromophores by electrochemistry and density functional theory (DFT) computation, these DPP-TAA derivatives exhibit substantial conjugation and ideal MO energetics for light absorption. The large fused TTA core and strong intermolecular SS interactions enforce excellent molecular planarity, favoring a close-packed thin film morphologies for efficient charge transport, as indicated by grazing incidence wide angle X-ray scattering (GIWAXS), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis. Top-gate/bottom-contact thin film transistors based on these systems exhibit hole mobilities approaching 0.1 cm2 V-1 s-1. Organic photovoltaic cells based on DDPP-TTAR:PC71BM blends achieve power conversion efficiencies (PCE) > 4% by systematic morphology tuning and judicious solvent additive selection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8932-8941
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Volume3
Issue number34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 31 2015

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Photovoltaic cells
Thin film transistors
Molecules
Hole mobility
Electrons
Electrochemistry
Chromophores
X ray scattering
Light absorption
Conversion efficiency
Density functional theory
Charge transfer
Atomic force microscopy
Energy gap
Tuning
Transmission electron microscopy
Derivatives
Thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) functionalized tetrathienothiophene (TTA) small molecules for organic thin film transistors and photovoltaic cells. / Zhou, Nanjia; Vegiraju, Sureshraju; Yu, Xinge; Manley, Eric F.; Butler, Melanie R.; Leonardi, Matthew J.; Guo, Peijun; Zhao, Wei; Hu, Yan; Prabakaran, Kumaresan; Chang, Robert P. H.; Ratner, Mark A; Chen, Lin X.; Facchetti, Antonio; Chen, Ming Chou; Marks, Tobin J.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 3, No. 34, 31.07.2015, p. 8932-8941.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhou, N, Vegiraju, S, Yu, X, Manley, EF, Butler, MR, Leonardi, MJ, Guo, P, Zhao, W, Hu, Y, Prabakaran, K, Chang, RPH, Ratner, MA, Chen, LX, Facchetti, A, Chen, MC & Marks, TJ 2015, 'Diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) functionalized tetrathienothiophene (TTA) small molecules for organic thin film transistors and photovoltaic cells', Journal of Materials Chemistry C, vol. 3, no. 34, pp. 8932-8941. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5tc01348h
Zhou, Nanjia ; Vegiraju, Sureshraju ; Yu, Xinge ; Manley, Eric F. ; Butler, Melanie R. ; Leonardi, Matthew J. ; Guo, Peijun ; Zhao, Wei ; Hu, Yan ; Prabakaran, Kumaresan ; Chang, Robert P. H. ; Ratner, Mark A ; Chen, Lin X. ; Facchetti, Antonio ; Chen, Ming Chou ; Marks, Tobin J. / Diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) functionalized tetrathienothiophene (TTA) small molecules for organic thin film transistors and photovoltaic cells. In: Journal of Materials Chemistry C. 2015 ; Vol. 3, No. 34. pp. 8932-8941.
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