Dipolar emitters at nanoscale proximity of metal surfaces: Giant enhancement of relaxation in microscopic theory

Ivan A. Larkin, Mark I. Stockman, Marc Achermann, Victor I Klimov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

145 Citations (Scopus)


We consider a nanoscale dipolar emitter (quantum dot, atom, fluorescent molecule, or rare-earth ion) in a nanometer proximity to a flat metal surface. There is strong interaction of this emitter with unscreened metal electrons in the surface nanolayer that causes enhanced relaxation due to surface plasmon excitation and Landau damping. To describe these phenomena, we developed analytical theory based on local random-phase approximation. For the system considered, conventional theory based on metal as continuous dielectric fails both qualitatively and quantitatively. Applications of the present theory and related phenomena are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121403
Pages (from-to)1214031-1214034
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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