Dissociative water potential for molecular dynamics simulations

T. S. Mahadevan, Steve Garofalini

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Abstract

A new interatomic potential for dissociative water was developed for use in molecular dynamics simulations. The simulations use a multibody potential, with both pair and three-body terms, and the Wolf summation method for the long-range Coulomb interactions. A major feature in the potential is the change in the short-range O-H repulsive interaction as a function of temperature and/or pressure in order to reproduce the density-temperature curve between 273 K and 373 at 1 atm, as well as high-pressure data at various temperatures. Using only the change in this one parameter, the simulations also reproduce room-temperature properties of water, such as the structure, cohesive energy, diffusion constant, and vibrational spectrum, as well as the liquid-vapor coexistence curve. Although the water molecules could dissociate, no dissociation is observed at room temperature. However, behavior of the hydronium ion was studied by introduction of an extra H+ into a cluster of water molecules. Both Eigen and Zundel configurations, as well as more complex configurations, are observed in the migration of the hydronium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8919-8927
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume111
Issue number30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2 2007

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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