Dye-sensitized solar cells: Driving-force effects on electron recombination dynamics with cobalt-based shuttles

Michael J. DeVries, Michael J. Pellin, Joseph T. Hupp

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Abstract

A series of cobalt-containing redox couples, based on [Co(1, 10-phenanthroline)3](ClO4)2 and its derivatives, were prepared for use as regenerators/shuttles in dye-sensitized solar cells featuring modified TiO2 photoelectrodes. Surface modification and trap-state passivation of the TiO2 nanoparticle film electrodes were accomplished via atomic layer deposition of an ultrathin alumina coating. Electron lifetimes were then extracted from open-circuit voltage decay measurements. Cells employing alumina barrier/passivation layers exhibited higher open-circuit voltages as shuttles with more positive redox potentials were used, with the Co(5-nitro-phen)33+/2+ couple exhibiting the highest V (0.844 V). Analysis of the open-circuit voltages and electron lifetimes indicate Marcus normal-region behavior for back electron transfer from the TiO2 photoanode to these compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9082-9087
Number of pages6
JournalLangmuir
Volume26
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2010

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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