Effect of Collective Dynamics and Anharmonicity on Entropy in Heterogenous Catalysis: Building the Case for Advanced Molecular Simulations

Greg Collinge, Simuck F. Yuk, Manh Thuong Nguyen, Mal Soon Lee, Vassiliki Alexandra Glezakou, Roger Rousseau

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a perspective on the computational determination of entropy and its effects and consequences on heterogeneous catalysis. Special attention is paid to the role of anharmonicity (a result of collective phenomena) and the deviations from the standard harmonic oscillator approximations, which can fail to provide a reliable assessment of entropy. To address these challenges, advanced methodologies are needed that can explicitly account for these thermodynamic drivers through the appropriate statistical sampling of reactive free-energy surfaces. We discuss where anharmonicity should be expected, where it has been observed from a theoretical perspective, and the methods currently employed to address it. We concentrate on three types of systems where we have observed major, non-negligible anharmonic effects: (1) supported nanoparticles, where the migration of metal atoms, complexes, and entire clusters exhibit anharmonic behavior in their dynamic motion; (2) porous solids, where confinement effects distort potential energy surfaces and hinder molecular motions, resulting in large entropic terms; and (3) solid/liquid interfaces, where interactions between solvent molecules and adsorbed species can result in large solvent organization free energy and unique reactivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9236-9260
Number of pages25
JournalACS Catalysis
Volume10
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 21 2020

Keywords

  • anharmonicity
  • Confinement
  • free-energy corrections
  • molecular simulations
  • solid-liquid interfaces
  • supported nanoparticle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

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