Effect of Cu-O layer spacing on the magnetic field induced resistive broadening of high-temperature superconductors

D. H. Kim, K. E. Gray, R. T. Kampwirth, J. C. Smith, D. S. Richeson, Tobin J Marks, J. H. Kang, J. Talvacchio, M. Eddy

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Abstract

For H{norm of matrix}c-axis, the magnetic field induced broadening of the resistive transitions of high-Tc superconductors (HTS) is shown to depend strongly on the Cu-O layer spacing. For the highly anisotropic HTS, we show experimental evidence that flux motion results from a thermally activated crossover from three dimensional (3D) vortex lines to 2D independent pancake-like vortices in the Cu-O layers, which is intrinsic to the material and occurs when kBT exceeds the Josephson coupling energy of these layers. At low temperatures, however, thermally activated conventional depinning (which can be sample dependent) or melting in the uncoupled 2D Cu-O layers is also required for flux motion. For YBa2Cu3O7, this dimensional crossover does not occur below Hc2, presumably because the conducting Cu-O chains short-circuit the Josephson interlayer coupling, leading to better superconducting properties in a magnetic field. These results show that strong interlayer coupling is a key to finding good alternatives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-437
Number of pages7
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its Applications
Volume177
Issue number4-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 1991

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High temperature superconductors
high temperature superconductors
Superconducting materials
Vortex flow
spacing
Magnetic fields
Fluxes
magnetic fields
Short circuit currents
interlayers
crossovers
Melting
vortices
short circuits
norms
melting
conduction
Temperature
matrices
barium copper yttrium oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Effect of Cu-O layer spacing on the magnetic field induced resistive broadening of high-temperature superconductors. / Kim, D. H.; Gray, K. E.; Kampwirth, R. T.; Smith, J. C.; Richeson, D. S.; Marks, Tobin J; Kang, J. H.; Talvacchio, J.; Eddy, M.

In: Physica C: Superconductivity and its Applications, Vol. 177, No. 4-6, 01.07.1991, p. 431-437.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, D. H. ; Gray, K. E. ; Kampwirth, R. T. ; Smith, J. C. ; Richeson, D. S. ; Marks, Tobin J ; Kang, J. H. ; Talvacchio, J. ; Eddy, M. / Effect of Cu-O layer spacing on the magnetic field induced resistive broadening of high-temperature superconductors. In: Physica C: Superconductivity and its Applications. 1991 ; Vol. 177, No. 4-6. pp. 431-437.
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AU - Gray, K. E.

AU - Kampwirth, R. T.

AU - Smith, J. C.

AU - Richeson, D. S.

AU - Marks, Tobin J

AU - Kang, J. H.

AU - Talvacchio, J.

AU - Eddy, M.

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