Effect of magnetic impurities on the vortex lattice properties in NbSe 2 single crystals

M. Iavarone, R. Di Capua, G. Karapetrov, A. E. Koshelev, D. Rosenmann, H. Claus, C. D. Malliakas, M. G. Kanatzidis, T. Nishizaki, N. Kobayashi

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Abstract

We report a pronounced peak effect in the magnetization of Cox NbSe2 single crystals with critical temperatures Tc ranging between 7.1 and 5.0 K, and Mnx NbSe2 single crystals with critical temperatures down to 3.4 K. We correlate the peak effect in magnetization with the structure of the vortex lattice across the peak-effect region using scanning-tunneling microscopy. Magnetization measurements show that the amplitude of the peak effect in the case of Cox NbSe2 exhibits a nonmonotonic behavior as a function of the Co content, reaching a maximum for concentration of Co of about 0.4 at.% (corresponding to a Tc of 5.7 K) and after that gradually decreasing in amplitude with the increase in the Co content. The normalized value of the peak position Hp/Hc2 has weak dependence on Co concentration. In the case of Mnx NbSe2 the features of the peak effect as a function of the Mn content are different and they can be understood in terms of strong pinning.

Original languageEnglish
Article number174518
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume78
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 17 2008

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Iavarone, M., Di Capua, R., Karapetrov, G., Koshelev, A. E., Rosenmann, D., Claus, H., Malliakas, C. D., Kanatzidis, M. G., Nishizaki, T., & Kobayashi, N. (2008). Effect of magnetic impurities on the vortex lattice properties in NbSe 2 single crystals. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 78(17), [174518]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.78.174518