Effect of quantum and dielectric confinement on the exciton-exciton interaction energy in type II core/shell semiconductor nanocrystals

Andrei Piryatinski, Sergei A. Ivanov, Sergei Tretiak, Victor I. Klimov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

170 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study theoretically two electron-hole pair states (biexcitons) in core/shell hetero-nanocrystals with type II alignment of energy states, which promotes spatial separation of electrons and holes. To describe Coulomb interactions in these structures, we apply first-order perturbation theory, in which we use an explicit form of the Coulomb-coupling operator that takes into account interface-polarization effects. This formalism is used to analyze the exciton-exciton interaction energy as a function of the core and shell sizes and their dielectric properties. Our analysis shows that the combined contributions from quantum and dielectric confinement can result in strong exciton-exciton repulsion with giant interaction energies on the order of 100 meV. Potential applications of strongly interacting biexciton states include such areas as lasing, nonlinear optics, and quantum information.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-115
Number of pages8
JournalNano letters
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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