The effect of anharmonicity in the intramolecular modes of a model system for exothermic intramolecular nonadiabatic electron transfer is probed by examining the dependence of the transition probability on the exoergicity. The Franck-Condon factor for the Morse potential is written in terms of the Gauss hypergeometric function both for a ground initial state and for the general case, and comparisons are made between the first-order perturbation theory results for transition probability for harmonic and Morse oscillators. These results are verified with quantum dynamical simulations using wave-packet propagations on a numerical grid. The transition-probability expression incorporating a high-frequency quantum mode and low-frequency medium mode is compared for Morse and harmonic oscillators in different temperature ranges and with various coarse-graining treatments of the delta function from the Fermi golden rule expression. We find that significant deviations from the harmonic approximation are expected for even moderately anharmonic quantum modes at large values of exoergicity. The addition of a second quantum mode of opposite displacement negates the anharmonic effect at small energy change, but in the inverted regime a significantly flatter dependence on exoergicity is predicted for anharmonic modes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry