Effects of two-stage deposition on the structure and properties of heteroepitaxial BaTiO3 thin films

D. J. Towner, J. Ni, T. J. Marks, B. W. Wessels

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Layer-by-layer heteroepitaxial growth of BaTiO3 thin films on single-crystal MgO (1 0 0) is demonstrated using a two-stage metal-organic chemical vapor deposition technique. Films grown using this technique are particularly well suited for photonic applications, with near atomically smooth surfaces and exceptional crystalline quality. Films with surface roughness as low as 0.23 nm RMS and X-ray rocking curve full-width-at-half-maximum values as low as 0.28° have been obtained. Refractive indices approaching those of bulk BaTiO3 are demonstrated, with deviations from bulk explained by strain-modified tetragonality and a polydomain structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-113
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2003



  • A1. Characterization
  • A1. Surface structure
  • A3. Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition
  • B1. Perovskites
  • B2. Ferroelectric materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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