Electrical Characteristics of the Junction between PEDOT: PSS and Thiophene-Functionalized Silicon Microwires

Jared P. Bruce, Derek R. Oliver, Nathan S Lewis, Michael S. Freund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thiophene moieties have been attached to Si microwires (Si MWs) by a two-step chlorination/alkylation reaction method. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicated that saturation of the surface occurred after 30 min of reaction time. Electrical measurements using a standard probe station indicated that the junction between individual thiophene-functionalized Si MWs and the conducting polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) became more ohmic as more thiophene was added to the MW surface. Under a light-limited current of 20 nA, representative of operation of Si MWs under 1 Sun illumination conditions, the iR loss of thiophene-n-Si MW/PEDOT-PSS contacts was 20 mV, representing an order of magnitude reduction compared with PEDOT-PSS junctions formed with methyl terminated n-Si MWs. Such iR losses are much less than typical catalytic overpotentials for fuel formation, and hence the thiophene-functionalized Si MW contacts will not limit the performance of a Si MW array-based solar fuels device under 1 Sun illumination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27160-27166
Number of pages7
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume7
Issue number49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 16 2015

Keywords

  • artificial photosynthesis
  • electrical characteristics
  • microwires
  • PEDOT:PSS
  • silicon
  • surface functionalization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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