Electrocatalytic CO2 reduction with a homogeneous catalyst in ionic liquid

High catalytic activity at low overpotential

David Grills, Yasuo Matsubara, Yutaka Kuwahara, Suzanne R. Golisz, Daniel A. Kurtz, Barbara A. Mello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We describe a new strategy for enhancing the efficiency of electrocatalytic CO2 reduction with a homogeneous catalyst, using a room-temperature ionic liquid as both the solvent and electrolyte. The electrochemical behavior of fac-ReCl(2,2'-bipyridine)(CO)3 in neat 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetracyanoborate ([emim][TCB]) was compared with that in acetonitrile containing 0.1 M [Bu4N][PF6]. Two separate one-electron reductions occur in acetonitrile (-1.74 and -2.11 V vs Fc+/0), with a modest catalytic current appearing at the second reduction wave under CO 2. However, in [emim][TCB], a two-electron reduction wave appears at -1.66 V, resulting in a ∼0.45 V lower overpotential for catalytic reduction of CO2 to CO. Furthermore, the apparent CO2 reduction rate constant, kapp, in [emim][TCB] exceeds that in acetonitrile by over one order of magnitude (kapp = 4000 vs 100 M-1 s -1) at 25 ± 3 °C. Supported by time-resolved infrared measurements, a mechanism is proposed in which an interaction between [emim]+ and the two-electron reduced catalyst results in rapid dissociation of chloride and a decrease in the activation energy for CO 2 reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2033-2038
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volume5
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 5 2014

Fingerprint

Ionic Liquids
Ionic liquids
catalytic activity
Catalyst activity
catalysts
Catalysts
Carbon Monoxide
liquids
acetonitrile
Acetonitrile
Electrons
electrons
2,2'-Dipyridyl
Electrolytes
chlorides
Chlorides
Rate constants
electrolytes
dissociation
activation energy

Keywords

  • carbon dioxide reduction
  • EC(cat) mechanism
  • electrochemistry
  • homogeneous catalyst
  • ionic liquid
  • time-resolved infrared spectroscopy
  • ultramicroelectrode

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Electrocatalytic CO2 reduction with a homogeneous catalyst in ionic liquid : High catalytic activity at low overpotential. / Grills, David; Matsubara, Yasuo; Kuwahara, Yutaka; Golisz, Suzanne R.; Kurtz, Daniel A.; Mello, Barbara A.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 5, No. 11, 05.06.2014, p. 2033-2038.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Grills, David ; Matsubara, Yasuo ; Kuwahara, Yutaka ; Golisz, Suzanne R. ; Kurtz, Daniel A. ; Mello, Barbara A. / Electrocatalytic CO2 reduction with a homogeneous catalyst in ionic liquid : High catalytic activity at low overpotential. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. 2014 ; Vol. 5, No. 11. pp. 2033-2038.
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