Electron-Rotor Interaction in Organic-Inorganic Lead Iodide Perovskites Discovered by Isotope Effects

Jue Gong, Mengjin Yang, Xiangchao Ma, Richard D Schaller, Gang Liu, Lingping Kong, Ye Yang, Matthew C. Beard, Michael Lesslie, Ying Dai, Baibiao Huang, Kai Zhu, Tao Xu

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Abstract

We report on the carrier-rotor coupling effect in perovskite organic-inorganic hybrid lead iodide (CH3NH3PbI3) compounds discovered by isotope effects. Deuterated organic-inorganic perovskite compounds including CH3ND3PbI3, CD3NH3PbI3, and CD3ND3PbI3 were synthesized. Devices made from regular CH3NH3PbI3 and deuterated CH3ND3PbI3 exhibit comparable performance in band gap, current-voltage, carrier mobility, and power conversion efficiency. However, a time-resolved photoluminescence (TRPL) study reveals that CH3NH3PbI3 exhibits notably longer carrier lifetime than that of CH3ND3PbI3, in both thin-film and single-crystal formats. Furthermore, the comparison in carrier lifetime between CD3NH3PbI3 and CH3ND3PbI3 single crystals suggests that vibrational modes in methylammonium (MA+) have little impact on carrier lifetime. In contrast, the fully deuterated compound CD3ND3PbI3 reconfirmed the trend of decreasing carrier lifetime upon the increasing moment of inertia of cationic MA+. Polaron model elucidates the electron-rotor interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2879-2887
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volume7
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 4 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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    Gong, J., Yang, M., Ma, X., Schaller, R. D., Liu, G., Kong, L., Yang, Y., Beard, M. C., Lesslie, M., Dai, Y., Huang, B., Zhu, K., & Xu, T. (2016). Electron-Rotor Interaction in Organic-Inorganic Lead Iodide Perovskites Discovered by Isotope Effects. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 7(15), 2879-2887. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b01199