Electron spin relaxation of CuA and cytochrome a in cytochrome c oxidase. Comparison to heme, copper, and sulfur radical complexes.

G. W. Brudvig, D. F. Blair, S. I. Chan

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Abstract

The method of continuous saturation has been used to measure the electron spin relaxation parameter T1T2 at temperatures between 10 and 50 K for a variety of S = 1/2 species including: CuA and cytochrome a of cytochrome c oxidase, the type 1 copper in several blue copper proteins, the type 2 copper in laccase, inorganic Cu(II) complexes, sulfur radicals, and low spin heme proteins. The temperature dependence and the magnitude of T1T2 for all of the species examined are accounted for by assuming that the Van Vleck Raman process dominates the electron spin-lattice relaxation. Over the entire temperature range examined, the relaxation of the type 1 coppers in six to seven times faster than that of type 2 copper, inorganic copper, and sulfur radicals, in spite of the similar g-anisotropies of these species. This result may indicate that the coupling of the phonon bath to the spin center is more effective in type 1 coppers than in the other complexes studied. The relaxation of CuA of cytochrome oxidase exhibits an unusual temperature dependence relative to the other copper complexes studied, suggesting that the protein environment of this center is different from that of the other copper centers studied and/or that CuA is influenced by a magnetic dipolar interaction with another, faster-relaxing paramagnetic site in the enzyme. A comparison of the saturation characteristics of the CuA EPR signal in native and partially reduced CO complexes of the enzyme also suggests the existence of such an interaction. The implications of these results with respect to the disposition of the metal centers in cytochrome oxidase are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11001-11009
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume259
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - Sep 10 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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