Electronic structure and properties of quasi-two-dimensional layered superconducting perovskites: La2-xMxCuO4 (M=Ba,Sr,)

Arthur J Freeman, Jaejun Yu, C. L. Fu

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Results of highly precise all-electron local-density calculations are presented for the quasi-two-dimensional superconductors La2-xMxCuOx (M=Ba,Sr,) with x=0 and correlated with a number of observed properties of these materials for varying x. The dominant role of the van Hove saddle-point singularity (SPS) on the density of states (DOS) and the DOS-derived properties (specific heat, magnetic susceptibility, Tc) is emphasizedas is the fact that this SPS represents the classic Lifshitz transition versus x (and/or pressure) with its possible thermodynamic and galvanomagnetic anomalies. Estimates of the enhancement factor from a variety of measured specific-heat values and our calculated DOS indicate that these materials may possibly be weak-coupling superconductors. Crude estimates of coherent lengths (and) and upper critical fields (Hc2 and Hc2) are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7111-7114
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 1987


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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