Electronic structure and transport properties of doped PbSe

Haowei Peng, Jung Hwan Song, Mercouri G Kanatzidis, Arthur J Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding the electronic structure and transport properties of doped PbSe for its thermoelectric applications is an urgent need. Using a first-principles approach, we first explore the band structures of PbSe doped with a series of impurities, including cation-site substitutional impurities (Na, K, Rb; Mg, Ca, Sr; Cu, Ag, Au; Zn, Cd, Hg; Ga, In, Tl; Ge, Sn; As, Sb, Bi) and anion-site substitutional impurities (P, As, Sb; O, S, Te). Then we calculate the density of states (DOS) difference between the doped samples and pure host sample, which is a useful quantity to recognize the possibility of improving transport properties. The exhibited chemical trends and the nature of the impurity states are well explained with a simplified linear combination of atomic orbitals (LCAO) picture. Finally, we calculate the transport properties of these doped systems within the framework of Boltzmann theory and constant relaxation time approximation. Typical competing behavior between the electrical conductivity and Seebeck coefficient is exhibited, and a significant enhancement of thermoelectric power factor is found in the cation-site Au-doped p-type samples, and cation-site As-doped n-type samples.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125207
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume84
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 13 2011

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Electron transport properties
Electronic structure
transport properties
Impurities
electronic structure
Cations
impurities
Positive ions
cations
Transport properties
Seebeck coefficient
Thermoelectric power
Seebeck effect
Band structure
Relaxation time
Anions
Negative ions
relaxation time
anions
trends

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Electronic structure and transport properties of doped PbSe. / Peng, Haowei; Song, Jung Hwan; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G; Freeman, Arthur J.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 84, No. 12, 125207, 13.09.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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