Electronic structure of chemisorbed chalcogen atoms on Ni (hkl) surfaces

Pei Lin Cao, D. E. Ellis, Arthur J Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spectroscopic and bonding properties of sulfur, selenium, and tellurium atoms chemisorbed on different crystallographic faces of Ni are studied using self-consistent local-density molecular-cluster models. Adsorbate-substrate interactions lead to significant modification of the Ni 3d, 4s, 4p conduction bands in addition to forming the σ, π adatom levels located at 5 eV below the Fermi energy. Adatom-adatom interactions are treated by S2Ni9 coupled clusters. Adatom bonding to the substrate is seen to be dominated by near-neighbor interactions through sp hybridization of the low-lying chalcogen ns level, and π by -bonding interaction of the np level. The (110) surface appears to have more ionic character than either (001) or (111). The calculated variation of adsorbate levels with adatom height above the metal surface supports low-energy-electron diffraction structural analyses. Partial densities of states derived from cluster orbital atomic populations are used to discuss features of photoelectron and Auger spectra.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2124-2137
Number of pages14
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1982

Fingerprint

Chalcogens
Adatoms
adatoms
Electronic structure
electronic structure
Atoms
atoms
Adsorbates
interactions
Tellurium
molecular clusters
Low energy electron diffraction
Selenium
Substrates
tellurium
Photoelectrons
selenium
Fermi level
Conduction bands
Sulfur

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Electronic structure of chemisorbed chalcogen atoms on Ni (hkl) surfaces. / Cao, Pei Lin; Ellis, D. E.; Freeman, Arthur J.

In: Physical Review B, Vol. 25, No. 4, 1982, p. 2124-2137.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cao, Pei Lin ; Ellis, D. E. ; Freeman, Arthur J. / Electronic structure of chemisorbed chalcogen atoms on Ni (hkl) surfaces. In: Physical Review B. 1982 ; Vol. 25, No. 4. pp. 2124-2137.
@article{4ec1859f6f2e499da4b4ef60d7bc363b,
title = "Electronic structure of chemisorbed chalcogen atoms on Ni (hkl) surfaces",
abstract = "Spectroscopic and bonding properties of sulfur, selenium, and tellurium atoms chemisorbed on different crystallographic faces of Ni are studied using self-consistent local-density molecular-cluster models. Adsorbate-substrate interactions lead to significant modification of the Ni 3d, 4s, 4p conduction bands in addition to forming the σ, π adatom levels located at 5 eV below the Fermi energy. Adatom-adatom interactions are treated by S2Ni9 coupled clusters. Adatom bonding to the substrate is seen to be dominated by near-neighbor interactions through sp hybridization of the low-lying chalcogen ns level, and π by -bonding interaction of the np level. The (110) surface appears to have more ionic character than either (001) or (111). The calculated variation of adsorbate levels with adatom height above the metal surface supports low-energy-electron diffraction structural analyses. Partial densities of states derived from cluster orbital atomic populations are used to discuss features of photoelectron and Auger spectra.",
author = "Cao, {Pei Lin} and Ellis, {D. E.} and Freeman, {Arthur J}",
year = "1982",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevB.25.2124",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "2124--2137",
journal = "Physical Review B-Condensed Matter",
issn = "1098-0121",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Electronic structure of chemisorbed chalcogen atoms on Ni (hkl) surfaces

AU - Cao, Pei Lin

AU - Ellis, D. E.

AU - Freeman, Arthur J

PY - 1982

Y1 - 1982

N2 - Spectroscopic and bonding properties of sulfur, selenium, and tellurium atoms chemisorbed on different crystallographic faces of Ni are studied using self-consistent local-density molecular-cluster models. Adsorbate-substrate interactions lead to significant modification of the Ni 3d, 4s, 4p conduction bands in addition to forming the σ, π adatom levels located at 5 eV below the Fermi energy. Adatom-adatom interactions are treated by S2Ni9 coupled clusters. Adatom bonding to the substrate is seen to be dominated by near-neighbor interactions through sp hybridization of the low-lying chalcogen ns level, and π by -bonding interaction of the np level. The (110) surface appears to have more ionic character than either (001) or (111). The calculated variation of adsorbate levels with adatom height above the metal surface supports low-energy-electron diffraction structural analyses. Partial densities of states derived from cluster orbital atomic populations are used to discuss features of photoelectron and Auger spectra.

AB - Spectroscopic and bonding properties of sulfur, selenium, and tellurium atoms chemisorbed on different crystallographic faces of Ni are studied using self-consistent local-density molecular-cluster models. Adsorbate-substrate interactions lead to significant modification of the Ni 3d, 4s, 4p conduction bands in addition to forming the σ, π adatom levels located at 5 eV below the Fermi energy. Adatom-adatom interactions are treated by S2Ni9 coupled clusters. Adatom bonding to the substrate is seen to be dominated by near-neighbor interactions through sp hybridization of the low-lying chalcogen ns level, and π by -bonding interaction of the np level. The (110) surface appears to have more ionic character than either (001) or (111). The calculated variation of adsorbate levels with adatom height above the metal surface supports low-energy-electron diffraction structural analyses. Partial densities of states derived from cluster orbital atomic populations are used to discuss features of photoelectron and Auger spectra.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0012060031&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0012060031&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevB.25.2124

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevB.25.2124

M3 - Article

VL - 25

SP - 2124

EP - 2137

JO - Physical Review B-Condensed Matter

JF - Physical Review B-Condensed Matter

SN - 1098-0121

IS - 4

ER -