Spectroscopic and bonding properties of sulfur, selenium, and tellurium atoms chemisorbed on different crystallographic faces of Ni are studied using self-consistent local-density molecular-cluster models. Adsorbate-substrate interactions lead to significant modification of the Ni 3d, 4s, 4p conduction bands in addition to forming the σ, π adatom levels located at 5 eV below the Fermi energy. Adatom-adatom interactions are treated by S2Ni9 coupled clusters. Adatom bonding to the substrate is seen to be dominated by near-neighbor interactions through sp hybridization of the low-lying chalcogen ns level, and π by -bonding interaction of the np level. The (110) surface appears to have more ionic character than either (001) or (111). The calculated variation of adsorbate levels with adatom height above the metal surface supports low-energy-electron diffraction structural analyses. Partial densities of states derived from cluster orbital atomic populations are used to discuss features of photoelectron and Auger spectra.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics