Electronic transport properties of PbTe and AgPbm SbTe 2+m systems

D. I. Bilc, S. D. Mahanti, Mercouri G Kanatzidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Transport calculations using the Boltzmann equation within energy-dependent relaxation time approximations were performed for PbTe and AgPbm SbTe2+m (LAST-m) systems. We have used both the nonparabolic Kane model for the energy dispersion and the energy dispersion given by ab initio electronic structure calculations. For PbTe we find that the temperature dependence of the density of states effective mass md is very important in order to have good agreement with experiment for electrical conductivity σ and thermopower S. Transport calculations in n -type PbTe using the energy dispersion given by the ab initio electronic structure results in overestimation of σ and underestimation of S because the temperature dependence of md cannot be incorporated in the calculation of the chemical potential. Transport calculations in n -type LAST-m systems using the nonparabolic Kane model for the energy dispersion show a small enhancement of the power factor (σ S2) in 0-500 K temperature range relative to PbTe. The observed large ZT values of the LAST-12 and LAST-18 systems are a combination of a small enhancement of the power factor and a strong reduction in the thermal conductivity due to the formation of Ag-Sb microstructures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125202
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume74
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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Transport properties
transport properties
electronics
Electronic structure
energy
electronic structure
temperature dependence
Boltzmann equation
augmentation
Chemical potential
Thermoelectric power
Relaxation time
Temperature
Thermal conductivity
thermal conductivity
relaxation time
microstructure
Microstructure
electrical resistivity
approximation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Electronic transport properties of PbTe and AgPbm SbTe 2+m systems. / Bilc, D. I.; Mahanti, S. D.; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 74, No. 12, 125202, 2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Transport calculations using the Boltzmann equation within energy-dependent relaxation time approximations were performed for PbTe and AgPbm SbTe2+m (LAST-m) systems. We have used both the nonparabolic Kane model for the energy dispersion and the energy dispersion given by ab initio electronic structure calculations. For PbTe we find that the temperature dependence of the density of states effective mass md is very important in order to have good agreement with experiment for electrical conductivity σ and thermopower S. Transport calculations in n -type PbTe using the energy dispersion given by the ab initio electronic structure results in overestimation of σ and underestimation of S because the temperature dependence of md cannot be incorporated in the calculation of the chemical potential. Transport calculations in n -type LAST-m systems using the nonparabolic Kane model for the energy dispersion show a small enhancement of the power factor (σ S2) in 0-500 K temperature range relative to PbTe. The observed large ZT values of the LAST-12 and LAST-18 systems are a combination of a small enhancement of the power factor and a strong reduction in the thermal conductivity due to the formation of Ag-Sb microstructures.

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