Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) have achieved widespread utilization as primary rechargeable energy storage devices. In recent years, significant advances have been made in two-dimensional (2D) materials that have the potential to bring unprecedented functionality to next-generation LIBs. While many 2D materials can serve as a new class of active materials that exhibit superlative energy and power densities, they can also be employed as versatile additives that improve the kinetics and stability of LIBs. Here, we present a Perspective on how 2D materials can impact each of the primary components of a LIB including the anode, cathode, conductive additive, electrode-electrolyte interface, separator, and electrolyte. In this manner, emerging opportunities and challenges for 2D materials are identified that can inform future research on high-performance LIBs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Materials Chemistry