Energy conversion in natural and artificial photosynthesis

Iain McConnell, Gonghu Li, Gary W Brudvig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

221 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Modern civilization is dependent upon fossil fuels, a nonrenewable energy source originally provided by the storage of solar energy. Fossil-fuel dependence has severe consequences, including energy security issues and greenhouse gas emissions. The consequences of fossil-fuel dependence could be avoided by fuel-producing artificial systems that mimic natural photosynthesis, directly converting solar energy to fuel. This review describes the three key components of solar energy conversion in photosynthesis: light harvesting, charge separation, and catalysis. These processes are compared in natural and in artificial systems. Such a comparison can assist in understanding the general principles of photosynthesis and in developing working devices, including photoelectrochemical cells, for solar energy conversion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)434-447
Number of pages14
JournalChemistry and Biology
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Solar Energy
Photosynthesis
Fossil Fuels
Energy conversion
Solar energy
Fossil fuels
Photoelectrochemical cells
Civilization
Energy security
Catalysis
Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
Gases
Light
Equipment and Supplies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Drug Discovery
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Energy conversion in natural and artificial photosynthesis. / McConnell, Iain; Li, Gonghu; Brudvig, Gary W.

In: Chemistry and Biology, Vol. 17, No. 5, 2010, p. 434-447.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McConnell, Iain ; Li, Gonghu ; Brudvig, Gary W. / Energy conversion in natural and artificial photosynthesis. In: Chemistry and Biology. 2010 ; Vol. 17, No. 5. pp. 434-447.
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