### Abstract

A proposed method for estimating the electrical conductivity of cement paste pore solution at 25 °C is based on the concentrations of OH^{-}, K^{+} and Na^{+}. The approach uses an equation that is a function of the solution ionic strength, and requires a single coefficient for each ionic species. To test the method, the conductivity of solutions containing mixtures of potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide with molar ratios of 4:1, 2:1 and 1:1, and having ionic strengths varying from 0.15 to 2.00 mol/l were measured in the laboratory and compared to predicted values. The proposed equation predicts the conductivity of the solutions to within 8% over the concentration range investigated. By comparison, the dilute electrolyte assumption that conductivity is linearly proportional to concentration is in error by 36% at 1 mol/l and in error by 55% at 2 mol/l. The significance and utility of the proposed equation is discussed in the context of predicting ionic transport in cement-based systems. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 793-798 |

Number of pages | 6 |

Journal | Cement and Concrete Research |

Volume | 33 |

Issue number | 6 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Jun 2003 |

### Fingerprint

### Keywords

- Alkalis
- Electrical properties
- Modeling
- Pore solution
- Transport properties

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Ceramics and Composites

### Cite this

^{-}, K

^{+}and Na

^{+}concentrations.

*Cement and Concrete Research*,

*33*(6), 793-798. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-8846(02)01068-2

**Estimating the electrical conductivity of cement paste pore solutions from OH ^{-}, K^{+} and Na^{+} concentrations.** / Snyder, K. A.; Feng, X.; Keen, B. D.; Mason, Thomas O.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

^{-}, K

^{+}and Na

^{+}concentrations',

*Cement and Concrete Research*, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 793-798. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-8846(02)01068-2

^{-}, K

^{+}and Na

^{+}concentrations. Cement and Concrete Research. 2003 Jun;33(6):793-798. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-8846(02)01068-2

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Estimating the electrical conductivity of cement paste pore solutions from OH-, K+ and Na+ concentrations

AU - Snyder, K. A.

AU - Feng, X.

AU - Keen, B. D.

AU - Mason, Thomas O

PY - 2003/6

Y1 - 2003/6

N2 - A proposed method for estimating the electrical conductivity of cement paste pore solution at 25 °C is based on the concentrations of OH-, K+ and Na+. The approach uses an equation that is a function of the solution ionic strength, and requires a single coefficient for each ionic species. To test the method, the conductivity of solutions containing mixtures of potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide with molar ratios of 4:1, 2:1 and 1:1, and having ionic strengths varying from 0.15 to 2.00 mol/l were measured in the laboratory and compared to predicted values. The proposed equation predicts the conductivity of the solutions to within 8% over the concentration range investigated. By comparison, the dilute electrolyte assumption that conductivity is linearly proportional to concentration is in error by 36% at 1 mol/l and in error by 55% at 2 mol/l. The significance and utility of the proposed equation is discussed in the context of predicting ionic transport in cement-based systems. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.

AB - A proposed method for estimating the electrical conductivity of cement paste pore solution at 25 °C is based on the concentrations of OH-, K+ and Na+. The approach uses an equation that is a function of the solution ionic strength, and requires a single coefficient for each ionic species. To test the method, the conductivity of solutions containing mixtures of potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide with molar ratios of 4:1, 2:1 and 1:1, and having ionic strengths varying from 0.15 to 2.00 mol/l were measured in the laboratory and compared to predicted values. The proposed equation predicts the conductivity of the solutions to within 8% over the concentration range investigated. By comparison, the dilute electrolyte assumption that conductivity is linearly proportional to concentration is in error by 36% at 1 mol/l and in error by 55% at 2 mol/l. The significance and utility of the proposed equation is discussed in the context of predicting ionic transport in cement-based systems. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.

KW - Alkalis

KW - Electrical properties

KW - Modeling

KW - Pore solution

KW - Transport properties

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0038034120&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0038034120&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0008-8846(02)01068-2

DO - 10.1016/S0008-8846(02)01068-2

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0038034120

VL - 33

SP - 793

EP - 798

JO - Cement and Concrete Research

JF - Cement and Concrete Research

SN - 0008-8846

IS - 6

ER -