Ethanol conversion on cyclic (MO3)3 (M = Mo, W) clusters

Zhenjun Li, Zongtang Fang, Matthew S. Kelley, Bruce D. Kay, Roger Rousseau, Zdenek Dohnalek, David A. Dixon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reactions of ethanol (CH3CH2OD) over cyclic (MO3)3 (M = Mo, W) clusters were studied experimentally and computationally. The cyclic clusters were prepared by sublimation of MoO3 and WO3 powders in a vacuum. To evaluate the cluster activity in dehydration, dehydrogenation, and condensation reactions, they were suspended in an ethanol matrix on an inert substrate, graphene monolayer on Pt(111). The reaction products formed upon heating were followed and quantified using temperature-programmed desorption. The experimental results were corroborated using coupled cluster CCSD(T) calculations at DFT optimized geometries that provide quantitative molecular-scale information on the reaction mechanisms. The dehydration and dehydrogenation of ethanol probe both the Lewis/Brønsted acid/base and redox properties of the metal centers. The overall conversion of the alcohol is governed by the Lewis acidity of the metal center, and product selectivities, as determined by the relative weights of dehydrogenation and dehydration, are governed by the reducibility of the metal center.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4869-4877
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume118
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 6 2014

Fingerprint

Dehydrogenation
Dehydration
Ethanol
ethyl alcohol
dehydrogenation
Metals
dehydration
Lewis Acids
Condensation reactions
Graphite
Sublimation
metals
Temperature programmed desorption
Reaction products
Acidity
Discrete Fourier transforms
Powders
Graphene
Monolayers
Alcohols

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Energy(all)

Cite this

Li, Z., Fang, Z., Kelley, M. S., Kay, B. D., Rousseau, R., Dohnalek, Z., & Dixon, D. A. (2014). Ethanol conversion on cyclic (MO3)3 (M = Mo, W) clusters. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 118(9), 4869-4877. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp500255f

Ethanol conversion on cyclic (MO3)3 (M = Mo, W) clusters. / Li, Zhenjun; Fang, Zongtang; Kelley, Matthew S.; Kay, Bruce D.; Rousseau, Roger; Dohnalek, Zdenek; Dixon, David A.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 118, No. 9, 06.03.2014, p. 4869-4877.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Li, Z, Fang, Z, Kelley, MS, Kay, BD, Rousseau, R, Dohnalek, Z & Dixon, DA 2014, 'Ethanol conversion on cyclic (MO3)3 (M = Mo, W) clusters', Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 118, no. 9, pp. 4869-4877. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp500255f
Li, Zhenjun ; Fang, Zongtang ; Kelley, Matthew S. ; Kay, Bruce D. ; Rousseau, Roger ; Dohnalek, Zdenek ; Dixon, David A. / Ethanol conversion on cyclic (MO3)3 (M = Mo, W) clusters. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2014 ; Vol. 118, No. 9. pp. 4869-4877.
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