The reaction of Eu with a molten mixture of Li2Se and excess Se has produced a new rare earth dichalcogenide, EuSe2, with a type "a" antiferromagnetic structure. The compound crystallizes in the tetragonal space group I4/mcm forming into small single crystal rectangular blocks with their long axis along c. The high temperature magnetic susceptibility exhibits Curie-Weiss behavior with a ferromagnetic Θ = 15 ± 1 K and an effective moment μeff=7.9±0.1 Bohr magnetons consistent with the theoretical value of 7.94 for the Eu2+ free ion. There is a peak in χc at Tn = 8.0±0.5 K which is attributed to an antiferromagnetic transition. At T=2.5 K with the magnetic field, H, applied along c, M(H) exhibits a sharp increase near 1.5 T attributed to a metamagnetic transition. With H along a the moments saturate at about 5 T. A simple mean field model in which the Eu ions in the ab plane are coupled into ferromagnetic sheets, with alternate sheets along c coupled antiferromagnetically to form a bulk antiferromagnet is used to interpret the data.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Physics|
|Issue number||8 II B|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 15 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)