Evolution of electrical, chemical, and structural properties of transparent and conducting chemically derived graphene thin films

Cecilia Mattevi, Goki Eda, Stefano Agnoli, Steve Miller, K. Andre Mkhoyan, Ozgur Celik, Daniel Mastrogiovanni, Gaetano Granozzi, Eric Carfunkel, Manish Chhowalla

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1215 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A detailed description of the electronic properties, chemical state, and structure of uniform single and few-layered graphene oxide (CO) thin films at different stages of reduction is reported. The residual oxygen content and structure of CO are monitored and these chemical and structural characteristics are correlated to electronic properties of the thin films at various stages of reduction. It is found that the electrical characteristics of reduced GO do not approach those of intrinsic graphene obtained by mechanical cleaving because the material remains significantly oxidized. The residual oxygen forms sp3bonds with carbon atoms in the basal plane such that the carbon sp2bonding fraction in fully reduced CO is ~0.80. The minority sp3bonds disrupt the transport of carriers delocalized in the sp2network, limiting the mobility, and conductivity of reduced CO thin films. Extrapolation of electrical conductivity data as a function of oxygen content reveals that complete removal of oxygen should lead to properties that are comparable to graphene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2577-2583
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume19
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2009

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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