EXAFS studies of NiII, NiI, and NiI-CO tetraazamacrocycles and the crystal structure of (5,7,7,12,14,14-hexamethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradeca-4,11-diene)nickel(I) perchlorate

Lars R. Furenlid, Mark W. Renner, David J. Szalda, Etsuko Fujita

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Abstract

Nickel(II) complexes of tetraazamacrocycles undergo one-electron reduction to produce either a nickel(I) complex or a nickel(II) anion radical. Both reduced species react with CO. The nature of the parent Ni(II) complexes, the reduced species, and the NiI-CO complexes were studied in CH3CN by means of EXAFS and UV-vis spectroscopy to characterize structural differences as a function of oxidation state and axial ligation of the metal in solution. The EXAFS results reveal that the reduction of Ni(II) to Ni(I) results not only in an expansion of the macrocycle core (0.1 Å change in Ni-N bond distance) but also a distortion. On the other hand, the Ni(II) to Ni(II) anion radical reduction leaves the geometry around the nickel atom unchanged. The anion radical of Ni(II) tetraene+ (NiL3+, L3 = 2,3,9,10-tetramethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradeca-1,3,8,10-tetraene) dimerizes in solution forming diamagnetic adducts. The monomer-dimer equilibrium constant was determined to be K1 = (5.5 ± 1.0) × 104 M-1 from the electronic spectra. EXAFS data on CO adducts of NiIL1, -L2, and -L3 (L1 = 5,7,7,12,14,14-hexamethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradeca-4,11-diene, L2 = 5,7,7,12,12,14-hexamethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradeca-4,14-diene) clearly indicate that these are five-coordinate complexes with a short Ni-C bond. Both Ni-Nimine and Ni-Namine distances in the CO adducts of the Ni(I) complexes increase quite dramatically compared to those in the parent Ni(II) and Ni(I) complexes. The structure of the title nickel(I) complex has been determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data collected by using Mo Ka radiation. Crystallographic data are as follows: space group P2/n with a = 15.717 (6) Å, b = 8.196 (2) Å, c = 16.049 (6) Å, β = 100.67 (3)°, V = 2031 (2) Å, Z = 4. The two square-planar nickel atoms in the asymmetric unit are situated on crystallographic inversion centers. The Ni-Nimine distances are 1.988 (7) and 1.979 (7) Å and Ni-Namine distances are 2.063 (6) and 2.068 (6) Å, which are in good agreement with the EXAFS data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)883-892
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume113
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 30 1991

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Carbon Monoxide
Nickel
Crystal structure
Anions
Negative ions
Atoms
Equilibrium constants
Ultraviolet spectroscopy
X-Ray Diffraction
Dimers
Ligation
perchlorate
Spectrum Analysis
Monomers
Metals
Single crystals
Electrons
Radiation
X ray diffraction
Oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

@article{e5f642566b5f4fd58fa69c7eaf6697b5,
title = "EXAFS studies of NiII, NiI, and NiI-CO tetraazamacrocycles and the crystal structure of (5,7,7,12,14,14-hexamethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradeca-4,11-diene)nickel(I) perchlorate",
abstract = "Nickel(II) complexes of tetraazamacrocycles undergo one-electron reduction to produce either a nickel(I) complex or a nickel(II) anion radical. Both reduced species react with CO. The nature of the parent Ni(II) complexes, the reduced species, and the NiI-CO complexes were studied in CH3CN by means of EXAFS and UV-vis spectroscopy to characterize structural differences as a function of oxidation state and axial ligation of the metal in solution. The EXAFS results reveal that the reduction of Ni(II) to Ni(I) results not only in an expansion of the macrocycle core (0.1 {\AA} change in Ni-N bond distance) but also a distortion. On the other hand, the Ni(II) to Ni(II) anion radical reduction leaves the geometry around the nickel atom unchanged. The anion radical of Ni(II) tetraene+ (NiL3+, L3 = 2,3,9,10-tetramethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradeca-1,3,8,10-tetraene) dimerizes in solution forming diamagnetic adducts. The monomer-dimer equilibrium constant was determined to be K1 = (5.5 ± 1.0) × 104 M-1 from the electronic spectra. EXAFS data on CO adducts of NiIL1, -L2, and -L3 (L1 = 5,7,7,12,14,14-hexamethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradeca-4,11-diene, L2 = 5,7,7,12,12,14-hexamethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradeca-4,14-diene) clearly indicate that these are five-coordinate complexes with a short Ni-C bond. Both Ni-Nimine and Ni-Namine distances in the CO adducts of the Ni(I) complexes increase quite dramatically compared to those in the parent Ni(II) and Ni(I) complexes. The structure of the title nickel(I) complex has been determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data collected by using Mo Ka radiation. Crystallographic data are as follows: space group P2/n with a = 15.717 (6) {\AA}, b = 8.196 (2) {\AA}, c = 16.049 (6) {\AA}, β = 100.67 (3)°, V = 2031 (2) {\AA}, Z = 4. The two square-planar nickel atoms in the asymmetric unit are situated on crystallographic inversion centers. The Ni-Nimine distances are 1.988 (7) and 1.979 (7) {\AA} and Ni-Namine distances are 2.063 (6) and 2.068 (6) {\AA}, which are in good agreement with the EXAFS data.",
author = "Furenlid, {Lars R.} and Renner, {Mark W.} and Szalda, {David J.} and Etsuko Fujita",
year = "1991",
month = "1",
day = "30",
language = "English",
volume = "113",
pages = "883--892",
journal = "Journal of the American Chemical Society",
issn = "0002-7863",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - EXAFS studies of NiII, NiI, and NiI-CO tetraazamacrocycles and the crystal structure of (5,7,7,12,14,14-hexamethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradeca-4,11-diene)nickel(I) perchlorate

AU - Furenlid, Lars R.

AU - Renner, Mark W.

AU - Szalda, David J.

AU - Fujita, Etsuko

PY - 1991/1/30

Y1 - 1991/1/30

N2 - Nickel(II) complexes of tetraazamacrocycles undergo one-electron reduction to produce either a nickel(I) complex or a nickel(II) anion radical. Both reduced species react with CO. The nature of the parent Ni(II) complexes, the reduced species, and the NiI-CO complexes were studied in CH3CN by means of EXAFS and UV-vis spectroscopy to characterize structural differences as a function of oxidation state and axial ligation of the metal in solution. The EXAFS results reveal that the reduction of Ni(II) to Ni(I) results not only in an expansion of the macrocycle core (0.1 Å change in Ni-N bond distance) but also a distortion. On the other hand, the Ni(II) to Ni(II) anion radical reduction leaves the geometry around the nickel atom unchanged. The anion radical of Ni(II) tetraene+ (NiL3+, L3 = 2,3,9,10-tetramethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradeca-1,3,8,10-tetraene) dimerizes in solution forming diamagnetic adducts. The monomer-dimer equilibrium constant was determined to be K1 = (5.5 ± 1.0) × 104 M-1 from the electronic spectra. EXAFS data on CO adducts of NiIL1, -L2, and -L3 (L1 = 5,7,7,12,14,14-hexamethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradeca-4,11-diene, L2 = 5,7,7,12,12,14-hexamethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradeca-4,14-diene) clearly indicate that these are five-coordinate complexes with a short Ni-C bond. Both Ni-Nimine and Ni-Namine distances in the CO adducts of the Ni(I) complexes increase quite dramatically compared to those in the parent Ni(II) and Ni(I) complexes. The structure of the title nickel(I) complex has been determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data collected by using Mo Ka radiation. Crystallographic data are as follows: space group P2/n with a = 15.717 (6) Å, b = 8.196 (2) Å, c = 16.049 (6) Å, β = 100.67 (3)°, V = 2031 (2) Å, Z = 4. The two square-planar nickel atoms in the asymmetric unit are situated on crystallographic inversion centers. The Ni-Nimine distances are 1.988 (7) and 1.979 (7) Å and Ni-Namine distances are 2.063 (6) and 2.068 (6) Å, which are in good agreement with the EXAFS data.

AB - Nickel(II) complexes of tetraazamacrocycles undergo one-electron reduction to produce either a nickel(I) complex or a nickel(II) anion radical. Both reduced species react with CO. The nature of the parent Ni(II) complexes, the reduced species, and the NiI-CO complexes were studied in CH3CN by means of EXAFS and UV-vis spectroscopy to characterize structural differences as a function of oxidation state and axial ligation of the metal in solution. The EXAFS results reveal that the reduction of Ni(II) to Ni(I) results not only in an expansion of the macrocycle core (0.1 Å change in Ni-N bond distance) but also a distortion. On the other hand, the Ni(II) to Ni(II) anion radical reduction leaves the geometry around the nickel atom unchanged. The anion radical of Ni(II) tetraene+ (NiL3+, L3 = 2,3,9,10-tetramethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradeca-1,3,8,10-tetraene) dimerizes in solution forming diamagnetic adducts. The monomer-dimer equilibrium constant was determined to be K1 = (5.5 ± 1.0) × 104 M-1 from the electronic spectra. EXAFS data on CO adducts of NiIL1, -L2, and -L3 (L1 = 5,7,7,12,14,14-hexamethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradeca-4,11-diene, L2 = 5,7,7,12,12,14-hexamethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradeca-4,14-diene) clearly indicate that these are five-coordinate complexes with a short Ni-C bond. Both Ni-Nimine and Ni-Namine distances in the CO adducts of the Ni(I) complexes increase quite dramatically compared to those in the parent Ni(II) and Ni(I) complexes. The structure of the title nickel(I) complex has been determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data collected by using Mo Ka radiation. Crystallographic data are as follows: space group P2/n with a = 15.717 (6) Å, b = 8.196 (2) Å, c = 16.049 (6) Å, β = 100.67 (3)°, V = 2031 (2) Å, Z = 4. The two square-planar nickel atoms in the asymmetric unit are situated on crystallographic inversion centers. The Ni-Nimine distances are 1.988 (7) and 1.979 (7) Å and Ni-Namine distances are 2.063 (6) and 2.068 (6) Å, which are in good agreement with the EXAFS data.

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