Exchange coupling and conduction-electron polarization in metals

R. E. Watson, Arthur J Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The exchange-coupling integral, J(k, k′), between localized magnetic electrons and conduction electrons, treated as orthogonalized plane waves is investigated quantitatively for the case of a local moment which consists of the half-filled 4f7 shell of Gd3+ and for a range of k and k' values (the incident and scattered conduction-electron wave vectors). Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) theory is then employed, with and without an exchange-enhanced susceptibility, to obtain conduction-electron spin densities. For the special case of the rare-earth local moment, J(k, k′) is found to be well approximated by J(Q) [where Q‰|k-k′|] but with a Q dependence which differs markedly from those traditionally assumed in RKKY theory. This severely affects spin-density predictions for a region extending several lattice sites away from the local-moment site. Use of the computed exchange coupling reduces the qualitative disagreement between theory and experiment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)566-578
Number of pages13
JournalPhysical Review
Volume152
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1966

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conduction electrons
moments
polarization
metals
electron spin
plane waves
electrons
rare earth elements
magnetic permeability
predictions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Exchange coupling and conduction-electron polarization in metals. / Watson, R. E.; Freeman, Arthur J.

In: Physical Review, Vol. 152, No. 2, 1966, p. 566-578.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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