The use of multiple chromophores as photosensitizers for catalysts involved in energy-demanding redox reactions is often complicated by electronic interactions between the chromophores. These interchromophore interactions can lead to processes, such as excimer formation and symmetry-breaking charge separation (SB-CS), that compete with efficient electron transfer to or from the catalyst. Here, two dimers of perylene bound either directly or through a xylyl spacer to a xanthene backbone were synthesized to probe the effects of interchromophore electronic coupling on excimer formation and SB-CS using ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy. Two time constants for excimer formation in the 1-25 ps range were observed in each dimer due to the presence of rotational isomers having different degrees of interchromophore coupling. In highly polar acetonitrile, SB-CS competes with excimer formation in the more weakly coupled isomers followed by charge recombination with τCR = 72-85 ps to yield the excimer. The results of this study of perylene molecular dimers can inform the design of chromophore-catalyst systems for solar fuel production that utilize multiple perylene chromophores. (Figure Presented).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry