Exclusive C-Si bond formation upon reaction of a platinum(II) alkyl with silanes

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Abstract

An unusual, highly selective C-Si coupling reaction takes place upon treating the platinum(II) alkyl complex cis-(DIPPIDH)(DIPPID)PtMe (2) (DIPPIDH = α2-(diisopropyl-phosphino)isodurene, 1) with HSiR3 (R3 = Et3, EtMe2, Me2Ph), leading to formation of MeSiR3 and the hydrido complex trans-(DIPPIDH)(DIPPID)PtH (5). The overall process involves activation of a Si-H bond, reverse-cyclometalation of the phosphine ligand DIPPIDH (1), and C-Si elimination. The resulting thermally stable platinum(II) hydride complex 5 was independently prepared by thermolysis of a platinum(II) dihydride, trans-(DIPPIDH)2PtH2 (6), which was obtained by reaction of 2 with H2. In the absence of silane, the cis complex 2 isomerizes thermally to trans-(DIPPIDH)(DIPPID)PtMe (3), which does not react productively with silanes. Our results indicate that opening of the metallacycle of 2 by benzylic C-H formation is kinetically preferred over formation of CH4 or CH3SiR3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4263-4266
Number of pages4
JournalOrganometallics
Volume17
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - Sep 14 1998

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Silanes
Platinum
silanes
phosphine
platinum
dihydrides
Thermolysis
phosphines
Hydrides
hydrides
elimination
Chemical activation
activation
Ligands
ligands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Exclusive C-Si bond formation upon reaction of a platinum(II) alkyl with silanes. / van der Boom, Milko; Ott, Jürgen; Milstein, David.

In: Organometallics, Vol. 17, No. 19, 14.09.1998, p. 4263-4266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "An unusual, highly selective C-Si coupling reaction takes place upon treating the platinum(II) alkyl complex cis-(DIPPIDH)(DIPPID)PtMe (2) (DIPPIDH = α2-(diisopropyl-phosphino)isodurene, 1) with HSiR3 (R3 = Et3, EtMe2, Me2Ph), leading to formation of MeSiR3 and the hydrido complex trans-(DIPPIDH)(DIPPID)PtH (5). The overall process involves activation of a Si-H bond, reverse-cyclometalation of the phosphine ligand DIPPIDH (1), and C-Si elimination. The resulting thermally stable platinum(II) hydride complex 5 was independently prepared by thermolysis of a platinum(II) dihydride, trans-(DIPPIDH)2PtH2 (6), which was obtained by reaction of 2 with H2. In the absence of silane, the cis complex 2 isomerizes thermally to trans-(DIPPIDH)(DIPPID)PtMe (3), which does not react productively with silanes. Our results indicate that opening of the metallacycle of 2 by benzylic C-H formation is kinetically preferred over formation of CH4 or CH3SiR3.",
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N2 - An unusual, highly selective C-Si coupling reaction takes place upon treating the platinum(II) alkyl complex cis-(DIPPIDH)(DIPPID)PtMe (2) (DIPPIDH = α2-(diisopropyl-phosphino)isodurene, 1) with HSiR3 (R3 = Et3, EtMe2, Me2Ph), leading to formation of MeSiR3 and the hydrido complex trans-(DIPPIDH)(DIPPID)PtH (5). The overall process involves activation of a Si-H bond, reverse-cyclometalation of the phosphine ligand DIPPIDH (1), and C-Si elimination. The resulting thermally stable platinum(II) hydride complex 5 was independently prepared by thermolysis of a platinum(II) dihydride, trans-(DIPPIDH)2PtH2 (6), which was obtained by reaction of 2 with H2. In the absence of silane, the cis complex 2 isomerizes thermally to trans-(DIPPIDH)(DIPPID)PtMe (3), which does not react productively with silanes. Our results indicate that opening of the metallacycle of 2 by benzylic C-H formation is kinetically preferred over formation of CH4 or CH3SiR3.

AB - An unusual, highly selective C-Si coupling reaction takes place upon treating the platinum(II) alkyl complex cis-(DIPPIDH)(DIPPID)PtMe (2) (DIPPIDH = α2-(diisopropyl-phosphino)isodurene, 1) with HSiR3 (R3 = Et3, EtMe2, Me2Ph), leading to formation of MeSiR3 and the hydrido complex trans-(DIPPIDH)(DIPPID)PtH (5). The overall process involves activation of a Si-H bond, reverse-cyclometalation of the phosphine ligand DIPPIDH (1), and C-Si elimination. The resulting thermally stable platinum(II) hydride complex 5 was independently prepared by thermolysis of a platinum(II) dihydride, trans-(DIPPIDH)2PtH2 (6), which was obtained by reaction of 2 with H2. In the absence of silane, the cis complex 2 isomerizes thermally to trans-(DIPPIDH)(DIPPID)PtMe (3), which does not react productively with silanes. Our results indicate that opening of the metallacycle of 2 by benzylic C-H formation is kinetically preferred over formation of CH4 or CH3SiR3.

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