Fe-Porphyrin-Based Metal-Organic Framework Films as High-Surface Concentration, Heterogeneous Catalysts for Electrochemical Reduction of CO2

Idan Hod, Matthew D. Sampson, Pravas Deria, Clifford P. Kubiak, Omar K. Farha, Joseph T Hupp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

289 Citations (Scopus)


Realization of heterogeneous electrochemical CO2-to-fuel conversion via molecular catalysis under high-flux conditions requires the assembly of large quantities of reactant-accessible catalysts on conductive surfaces. As a proof of principle, we demonstrate that electrophoretic deposition of thin films of an appropriately chosen metal-organic framework (MOF) material is an effective method for immobilizing the needed quantity of catalyst. For electrocatalytic CO2 reduction, we used a material that contains functionalized Fe-porphyrins as catalytically competent, redox-conductive linkers. The approach yields a high effective surface coverage of electrochemically addressable catalytic sites (∼1015 sites/cm2). The chemical products of the reduction, obtained with ∼100% Faradaic efficiency, are mixtures of CO and H2. These results validate the strategy of using MOF chemistry to obtain porous, electrode-immobilized, networks of molecular catalysts having competency for energy-relevant electrochemical reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6302-6309
Number of pages8
JournalACS Catalysis
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 6 2015



  • CO reduction
  • electrocatalysis
  • Fe-porphyrin
  • metal organic frameworks
  • redox conductivity
  • solar fuel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis

Cite this