Herein, two indium-based metal organic frameworks (In-MOFs), namely [(CH3)2NH2][In(bpdc)2]·(DMF)2 (1) and [(CH3)2NH2]3[(In3Cl2)(bpdc)5]·(H2O)5(DMF)2.5 (2, bpdcH2 = 4,4′-biphenyldicarboxylic acid), have been synthesized and characterized. By introducing a Cl- ion as a terminal ligand to break the symmetrical coordination environment of a typical InO8 dodecahedron as that in a three dimensional (3D) compound 1 with a 4-connected and four-fold interpenetrating dia net topology, a chiral 2D compound 2 with unique double-helical chains along the c axis is generated. Fluorescence (FL) measurements indicate that both compounds demonstrate excellent FL sensing behaviour towards CS2, a trace amount of Fe3+ ions and nitro-containing explosives. Notably, the layered 2 exhibits a unique "turn on" FL sensing behaviour towards thiol molecules, e.g., cysteine and 1-butylmercaptan, by exfoliating 2 into a few-layer FL material. The detection mechanism was investigated in detail by multiple characterizations including but not limited to EDS, SEM and AFM. The [(CH3)2NH2]+ cations in 2 can be replaced by an Eu3+ ion to generate 2@Eu3+ which exhibits a new characteristic sharp red emission of Eu3+. More importantly, 2@Eu3+ can serve as a convenient ratiometric FL sensor for temperature, demonstrating obvious color changes from weak purple to red under UV light as the temperature increases. Furthermore, cationic green- and red-light emitting dyes incorporated with 2@dyes emit white light with 17.28% quantum yield.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry