Folding paper-based lithium-ion batteries for higher areal energy densities

Qian Cheng, Zeming Song, Teng Ma, Bethany B. Smith, Rui Tang, Hongyu Yu, Hanqing Jiang, Candace K. Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

142 Citations (Scopus)


Paper folding techniques are used in order to compact a Li-ion battery and increase its energy per footprint area. Full cells were prepared using Li 4Ti5O12 and LiCoO2 powders deposited onto current collectors consisting of paper coated with carbon nanotubes. Folded cells showed higher areal capacities compared to the planar versions with a 5 × 5 cell folded using the Miura-ori pattern displaying a ∼14× increase in areal energy density.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4969-4974
Number of pages6
JournalNano letters
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 18 2013



  • Lithium-ion battery
  • carbon nanotube electrodes
  • folding
  • paper battery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Cheng, Q., Song, Z., Ma, T., Smith, B. B., Tang, R., Yu, H., Jiang, H., & Chan, C. K. (2013). Folding paper-based lithium-ion batteries for higher areal energy densities. Nano letters, 13(10), 4969-4974.