From linear inorganic chains to helices: Chirality in the M(pyz)(H2O)2MoO2F4 (M = Zn, Cd) compounds

Paul A. Maggard, Amy L. Kopf, Charlotte L. Stern, Kenneth R Poeppelmeier, Kang Min Ok, Shiv P. Halasyamani

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Abstract

Cd(C4H4N2)(H2 O)2MoO2F4 (C4H4N2 = pyrazine, pyz) was synthesized via hydro(solvato)thermal methods and characterized by single-crystal x-ray diffraction methods (P3221, no. 154, Z = 3, a = 7.4328(7) Å, c = 16.376(2) Å). Both of the known M(pyz)(H2O)2MoO2F4 (M = Zn, Cd) compounds are comprised of trans-M(pyz)2(OH2)2F2 and cis-MoO2F4 octahedra that share fluoride vertices to form helical chains along the 3-fold screw axes. Individual chains are bridged to six symmetry-equivalent helices through metal-pyrazine and OH2⋯F and OH2⋯O hydrogen bonds. Structural comparisons of similar oxyfluoride chains demonstrate that they can be varied from linear to helical through (1) the replacement of pyridine or pyrazine by H2O molecules and (2) the substitution of cisdirecting MoO2F42- anions in place of trans-directing WO2F42- or TiF62- anions. Infrared absorption (IR) measurements for M = Cd show two distinct O-H stretches corresponding to hydrogen-bonded O-H⋯F and O-H⋯O groups. Contrastingly for M = Zn, IR measurements exhibit O-H stretches for averaged hydrogen-bonded O-H⋯(O/F) groups, free (unbound) O-H groups, and higher energy Mo-F stretches. The IR data suggest a small fraction of the O-H⋯F hydrogen bonds are broken in the M = Zn analogue as a result of the racemic twinning. Both compounds exhibit nonlinear optical behavior, with second harmonic generation (SHG) intensities, relative to SiO2, of ∼0.25 (〈dijk〉 = 0.28 pm/V) for the racemically twinned Zn(pyz)(H2O)2MoO2F4 and ∼1.0 (〈dijk〉 = 0.55 pm/V) for the enantiopure Cd(pyz)(H2O)2MoO2F4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4852-4858
Number of pages7
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume41
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 23 2002

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Pyrazines
Chirality
pyrazines
chirality
helices
Infrared absorption
infrared absorption
Anions
Hydrogen
Hydrogen bonds
hydrogen bonds
anions
oxyfluorides
Twinning
screws
hydrogen
twinning
Harmonic generation
Fluorides
fluorides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry

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From linear inorganic chains to helices : Chirality in the M(pyz)(H2O)2MoO2F4 (M = Zn, Cd) compounds. / Maggard, Paul A.; Kopf, Amy L.; Stern, Charlotte L.; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R; Ok, Kang Min; Halasyamani, Shiv P.

In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 41, No. 19, 23.09.2002, p. 4852-4858.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Maggard, Paul A. ; Kopf, Amy L. ; Stern, Charlotte L. ; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R ; Ok, Kang Min ; Halasyamani, Shiv P. / From linear inorganic chains to helices : Chirality in the M(pyz)(H2O)2MoO2F4 (M = Zn, Cd) compounds. In: Inorganic Chemistry. 2002 ; Vol. 41, No. 19. pp. 4852-4858.
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abstract = "Cd(C4H4N2)(H2 O)2MoO2F4 (C4H4N2 = pyrazine, pyz) was synthesized via hydro(solvato)thermal methods and characterized by single-crystal x-ray diffraction methods (P3221, no. 154, Z = 3, a = 7.4328(7) {\AA}, c = 16.376(2) {\AA}). Both of the known M(pyz)(H2O)2MoO2F4 (M = Zn, Cd) compounds are comprised of trans-M(pyz)2(OH2)2F2 and cis-MoO2F4 octahedra that share fluoride vertices to form helical chains along the 3-fold screw axes. Individual chains are bridged to six symmetry-equivalent helices through metal-pyrazine and OH2⋯F and OH2⋯O hydrogen bonds. Structural comparisons of similar oxyfluoride chains demonstrate that they can be varied from linear to helical through (1) the replacement of pyridine or pyrazine by H2O molecules and (2) the substitution of cisdirecting MoO2F42- anions in place of trans-directing WO2F42- or TiF62- anions. Infrared absorption (IR) measurements for M = Cd show two distinct O-H stretches corresponding to hydrogen-bonded O-H⋯F and O-H⋯O groups. Contrastingly for M = Zn, IR measurements exhibit O-H stretches for averaged hydrogen-bonded O-H⋯(O/F) groups, free (unbound) O-H groups, and higher energy Mo-F stretches. The IR data suggest a small fraction of the O-H⋯F hydrogen bonds are broken in the M = Zn analogue as a result of the racemic twinning. Both compounds exhibit nonlinear optical behavior, with second harmonic generation (SHG) intensities, relative to SiO2, of ∼0.25 (〈dijk2ω〉 = 0.28 pm/V) for the racemically twinned Zn(pyz)(H2O)2MoO2F4 and ∼1.0 (〈dijk2ω〉 = 0.55 pm/V) for the enantiopure Cd(pyz)(H2O)2MoO2F4.",
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N2 - Cd(C4H4N2)(H2 O)2MoO2F4 (C4H4N2 = pyrazine, pyz) was synthesized via hydro(solvato)thermal methods and characterized by single-crystal x-ray diffraction methods (P3221, no. 154, Z = 3, a = 7.4328(7) Å, c = 16.376(2) Å). Both of the known M(pyz)(H2O)2MoO2F4 (M = Zn, Cd) compounds are comprised of trans-M(pyz)2(OH2)2F2 and cis-MoO2F4 octahedra that share fluoride vertices to form helical chains along the 3-fold screw axes. Individual chains are bridged to six symmetry-equivalent helices through metal-pyrazine and OH2⋯F and OH2⋯O hydrogen bonds. Structural comparisons of similar oxyfluoride chains demonstrate that they can be varied from linear to helical through (1) the replacement of pyridine or pyrazine by H2O molecules and (2) the substitution of cisdirecting MoO2F42- anions in place of trans-directing WO2F42- or TiF62- anions. Infrared absorption (IR) measurements for M = Cd show two distinct O-H stretches corresponding to hydrogen-bonded O-H⋯F and O-H⋯O groups. Contrastingly for M = Zn, IR measurements exhibit O-H stretches for averaged hydrogen-bonded O-H⋯(O/F) groups, free (unbound) O-H groups, and higher energy Mo-F stretches. The IR data suggest a small fraction of the O-H⋯F hydrogen bonds are broken in the M = Zn analogue as a result of the racemic twinning. Both compounds exhibit nonlinear optical behavior, with second harmonic generation (SHG) intensities, relative to SiO2, of ∼0.25 (〈dijk2ω〉 = 0.28 pm/V) for the racemically twinned Zn(pyz)(H2O)2MoO2F4 and ∼1.0 (〈dijk2ω〉 = 0.55 pm/V) for the enantiopure Cd(pyz)(H2O)2MoO2F4.

AB - Cd(C4H4N2)(H2 O)2MoO2F4 (C4H4N2 = pyrazine, pyz) was synthesized via hydro(solvato)thermal methods and characterized by single-crystal x-ray diffraction methods (P3221, no. 154, Z = 3, a = 7.4328(7) Å, c = 16.376(2) Å). Both of the known M(pyz)(H2O)2MoO2F4 (M = Zn, Cd) compounds are comprised of trans-M(pyz)2(OH2)2F2 and cis-MoO2F4 octahedra that share fluoride vertices to form helical chains along the 3-fold screw axes. Individual chains are bridged to six symmetry-equivalent helices through metal-pyrazine and OH2⋯F and OH2⋯O hydrogen bonds. Structural comparisons of similar oxyfluoride chains demonstrate that they can be varied from linear to helical through (1) the replacement of pyridine or pyrazine by H2O molecules and (2) the substitution of cisdirecting MoO2F42- anions in place of trans-directing WO2F42- or TiF62- anions. Infrared absorption (IR) measurements for M = Cd show two distinct O-H stretches corresponding to hydrogen-bonded O-H⋯F and O-H⋯O groups. Contrastingly for M = Zn, IR measurements exhibit O-H stretches for averaged hydrogen-bonded O-H⋯(O/F) groups, free (unbound) O-H groups, and higher energy Mo-F stretches. The IR data suggest a small fraction of the O-H⋯F hydrogen bonds are broken in the M = Zn analogue as a result of the racemic twinning. Both compounds exhibit nonlinear optical behavior, with second harmonic generation (SHG) intensities, relative to SiO2, of ∼0.25 (〈dijk2ω〉 = 0.28 pm/V) for the racemically twinned Zn(pyz)(H2O)2MoO2F4 and ∼1.0 (〈dijk2ω〉 = 0.55 pm/V) for the enantiopure Cd(pyz)(H2O)2MoO2F4.

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