Growth dynamics for DNA-Guided nanoparticle crystallization

Subas Dhakal, Kevin L. Kohlstedt, George C Schatz, Chad A. Mirkin, Monica Olvera De La Cruz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spherical nucleic acid (SNA) nanostructures assemble into a large variety of well-defined crystalline superlattices via DNA-directed hybridization. Crystallities of SNA with various shapes emerge during the assembly process, which coalesce during coarsening, leading to polycrystalline materials. Here, we investigate the growth dynamics of SNAs into body-centered cubic superlattices and the coalescence of SNA aggregates using a colloidal model formulated from the competition of electrostatic core repulsions and localized DNA hybridization attractions. We find that the growth law of isolated SNA crystallities is well-described by the power law t1/2, in agreement with experimental observations. At later times, coalescence slows the growth dynamics considerably and is dependent on the orientational mismatch (misorientation angle) of the coalescing crystallites. Molecular dynamics simulations show that the misorientation angle decreases continually during the coalescence, which is a signature of the grain rotation induced coalescence mechanism. This mechanism is followed by the coarsening of a "neck" that develops at the boundary between the coalescing crystallites. Remarkably, we find faster coalescence dynamics for larger SNAs compared to smaller SNAs due to their enhanced surface diffusion, which more effectively reduces curvature at the boundary of two superlattices. These findings provide fundamental insight into the relationship between nanoparticle surface chemistry and its crystallite growth and coalescence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10948-10959
Number of pages12
JournalACS Nano
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 23 2013

Fingerprint

Crystallization
Coalescence
coalescing
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
Nucleic acids
crystallization
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
Nucleic Acids
Superlattices
nucleic acids
Coarsening
Crystallites
superlattices
misalignment
crystallites
Polycrystalline materials
Surface diffusion
Surface chemistry

Keywords

  • colloids
  • crystallization kinetics
  • DNA-functionalized
  • grain boundaries
  • nanoscale materials
  • synthons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Dhakal, S., Kohlstedt, K. L., Schatz, G. C., Mirkin, C. A., & Olvera De La Cruz, M. (2013). Growth dynamics for DNA-Guided nanoparticle crystallization. ACS Nano, 7(12), 10948-10959. https://doi.org/10.1021/nn404476f

Growth dynamics for DNA-Guided nanoparticle crystallization. / Dhakal, Subas; Kohlstedt, Kevin L.; Schatz, George C; Mirkin, Chad A.; Olvera De La Cruz, Monica.

In: ACS Nano, Vol. 7, No. 12, 23.12.2013, p. 10948-10959.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dhakal, S, Kohlstedt, KL, Schatz, GC, Mirkin, CA & Olvera De La Cruz, M 2013, 'Growth dynamics for DNA-Guided nanoparticle crystallization', ACS Nano, vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 10948-10959. https://doi.org/10.1021/nn404476f
Dhakal S, Kohlstedt KL, Schatz GC, Mirkin CA, Olvera De La Cruz M. Growth dynamics for DNA-Guided nanoparticle crystallization. ACS Nano. 2013 Dec 23;7(12):10948-10959. https://doi.org/10.1021/nn404476f
Dhakal, Subas ; Kohlstedt, Kevin L. ; Schatz, George C ; Mirkin, Chad A. ; Olvera De La Cruz, Monica. / Growth dynamics for DNA-Guided nanoparticle crystallization. In: ACS Nano. 2013 ; Vol. 7, No. 12. pp. 10948-10959.
@article{828e520802fc42d8b9342bbfcd8cb527,
title = "Growth dynamics for DNA-Guided nanoparticle crystallization",
abstract = "Spherical nucleic acid (SNA) nanostructures assemble into a large variety of well-defined crystalline superlattices via DNA-directed hybridization. Crystallities of SNA with various shapes emerge during the assembly process, which coalesce during coarsening, leading to polycrystalline materials. Here, we investigate the growth dynamics of SNAs into body-centered cubic superlattices and the coalescence of SNA aggregates using a colloidal model formulated from the competition of electrostatic core repulsions and localized DNA hybridization attractions. We find that the growth law of isolated SNA crystallities is well-described by the power law t1/2, in agreement with experimental observations. At later times, coalescence slows the growth dynamics considerably and is dependent on the orientational mismatch (misorientation angle) of the coalescing crystallites. Molecular dynamics simulations show that the misorientation angle decreases continually during the coalescence, which is a signature of the grain rotation induced coalescence mechanism. This mechanism is followed by the coarsening of a {"}neck{"} that develops at the boundary between the coalescing crystallites. Remarkably, we find faster coalescence dynamics for larger SNAs compared to smaller SNAs due to their enhanced surface diffusion, which more effectively reduces curvature at the boundary of two superlattices. These findings provide fundamental insight into the relationship between nanoparticle surface chemistry and its crystallite growth and coalescence.",
keywords = "colloids, crystallization kinetics, DNA-functionalized, grain boundaries, nanoscale materials, synthons",
author = "Subas Dhakal and Kohlstedt, {Kevin L.} and Schatz, {George C} and Mirkin, {Chad A.} and {Olvera De La Cruz}, Monica",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
day = "23",
doi = "10.1021/nn404476f",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "10948--10959",
journal = "ACS Nano",
issn = "1936-0851",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Growth dynamics for DNA-Guided nanoparticle crystallization

AU - Dhakal, Subas

AU - Kohlstedt, Kevin L.

AU - Schatz, George C

AU - Mirkin, Chad A.

AU - Olvera De La Cruz, Monica

PY - 2013/12/23

Y1 - 2013/12/23

N2 - Spherical nucleic acid (SNA) nanostructures assemble into a large variety of well-defined crystalline superlattices via DNA-directed hybridization. Crystallities of SNA with various shapes emerge during the assembly process, which coalesce during coarsening, leading to polycrystalline materials. Here, we investigate the growth dynamics of SNAs into body-centered cubic superlattices and the coalescence of SNA aggregates using a colloidal model formulated from the competition of electrostatic core repulsions and localized DNA hybridization attractions. We find that the growth law of isolated SNA crystallities is well-described by the power law t1/2, in agreement with experimental observations. At later times, coalescence slows the growth dynamics considerably and is dependent on the orientational mismatch (misorientation angle) of the coalescing crystallites. Molecular dynamics simulations show that the misorientation angle decreases continually during the coalescence, which is a signature of the grain rotation induced coalescence mechanism. This mechanism is followed by the coarsening of a "neck" that develops at the boundary between the coalescing crystallites. Remarkably, we find faster coalescence dynamics for larger SNAs compared to smaller SNAs due to their enhanced surface diffusion, which more effectively reduces curvature at the boundary of two superlattices. These findings provide fundamental insight into the relationship between nanoparticle surface chemistry and its crystallite growth and coalescence.

AB - Spherical nucleic acid (SNA) nanostructures assemble into a large variety of well-defined crystalline superlattices via DNA-directed hybridization. Crystallities of SNA with various shapes emerge during the assembly process, which coalesce during coarsening, leading to polycrystalline materials. Here, we investigate the growth dynamics of SNAs into body-centered cubic superlattices and the coalescence of SNA aggregates using a colloidal model formulated from the competition of electrostatic core repulsions and localized DNA hybridization attractions. We find that the growth law of isolated SNA crystallities is well-described by the power law t1/2, in agreement with experimental observations. At later times, coalescence slows the growth dynamics considerably and is dependent on the orientational mismatch (misorientation angle) of the coalescing crystallites. Molecular dynamics simulations show that the misorientation angle decreases continually during the coalescence, which is a signature of the grain rotation induced coalescence mechanism. This mechanism is followed by the coarsening of a "neck" that develops at the boundary between the coalescing crystallites. Remarkably, we find faster coalescence dynamics for larger SNAs compared to smaller SNAs due to their enhanced surface diffusion, which more effectively reduces curvature at the boundary of two superlattices. These findings provide fundamental insight into the relationship between nanoparticle surface chemistry and its crystallite growth and coalescence.

KW - colloids

KW - crystallization kinetics

KW - DNA-functionalized

KW - grain boundaries

KW - nanoscale materials

KW - synthons

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84891355185&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84891355185&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/nn404476f

DO - 10.1021/nn404476f

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - 10948

EP - 10959

JO - ACS Nano

JF - ACS Nano

SN - 1936-0851

IS - 12

ER -