Harnessing Quantum Interference in Molecular Dielectric Materials

Justin P. Bergfield, Henry M. Heitzer, Colin Van Dyck, Tobin J. Marks, Mark A. Ratner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the relationship between dielectric response and charge transport in molecule-based materials operating in the quantum coherent regime. We find that quantum interference affects these observables differently, for instance, allowing current passing through certain materials to be reduced by orders of magnitude without affecting dielectric behavior (or band gap). As an example, we utilize ab initio electronic structure theory to calculate conductance and dielectric constants of cross-conjugated anthraquinone (AQ)-based and linearly conjugated anthracene (AC)-based materials. In spite of having nearly equal fundamental gaps, electrode bonding configurations, and molecular dimensions, we find a 1.7 order of magnitude (50-fold) reduction in the conductance of the AQ-based material relative to the AC-based material, a value in close agreement with recent measurements, while the calculated dielectric constants of both materials are nearly identical. From these findings, we propose two molecular materials in which quantum interference is used to reduce leakage currents across a 25 Å monolayer gap with dielectric constants larger than 4.5.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6412-6418
Number of pages7
JournalACS nano
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 23 2015

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Keywords

  • cross-conjugated polymers
  • density functional theory
  • molecular dielectric material
  • nonequilibrium quantum transport
  • quantum interference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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