Helium ion beam lithography (HIBL) using HafSOx as the resist

Feixiang Luo, Viacheslav Manichev, Mengjun Li, Gavin Mitchson, Boris Yakshinskiy, Torgny Gustafsson, David Johnson, Eric Garfunkel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)


Helium ion beam lithography (HIBL) is a novel alternative lithographic technique with the capacity of fabricating highresolution and high-density features. Only limited research has been performed exploring HIBL to date. HafSOx (Hf(OH)4-2x 2y(O2)x(SO4)yqH2O) is a negative-tone inorganic resist that is one of several candidate resist materials for extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) and e-beam lithography (EBL), and has been demonstrated to show high resolution, moderate sensitivity and low line-edge roughness (LER) in both EUVL and EBL. To date, no ion beam lithography work on HafSOx has been reported. In this study, we tested HafSOx as an HIBL resist and achieved a high sensitivity compared with EBL with a turn-on dose D100 ∼ 2-4 μC/cm2. We obtained sub-10 nm line widths with low LER. A simple Monte Carlo simulation suggests that ionizing excitation accounts for most of the incident He ions' energy loss.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Patterning Materials and Processes XXXIII
ISBN (Electronic)9781510600140
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventAdvances in Patterning Materials and Processes XXXIII - San Jose, United States
Duration: Feb 22 2016Feb 25 2016


OtherAdvances in Patterning Materials and Processes XXXIII
CountryUnited States
CitySan Jose


  • Critical dimension
  • HafSOx
  • HIBL
  • Line-edge roughness
  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • Secondary electrons
  • Sensitivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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  • Cite this

    Luo, F., Manichev, V., Li, M., Mitchson, G., Yakshinskiy, B., Gustafsson, T., Johnson, D., & Garfunkel, E. (2016). Helium ion beam lithography (HIBL) using HafSOx as the resist. In Advances in Patterning Materials and Processes XXXIII (Vol. 9779). [977928] SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2219239