High capacity Li ion battery anodes using Ge nanowires

Candace Chan, Xiao Feng Zhang, Yi Cui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

672 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ge nanowire electrodes fabricated by using vapor-liquid-solid growth on metallic current collector substrates were found to have good performance during cycling with Li. An initial discharge capacity of 1141 mA-h/g was found to be stable over 20 cycles at the C/20 rate. High power rates were also observed up to 2C with Coulombic efficiency > 99%. Structural characterization revealed that the Ge nanowires remain intact and connected to the current collector after cycling. Nanowires connected directly to the current collector have facile strain relaxation and material durability, short Li diffusion distances, and good electronic conduction. Thus, Ge nanowire anodes are promising candidates for the development of high-energy-density lithium batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-309
Number of pages3
JournalNano Letters
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008

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Nanowires
electric batteries
Anodes
anodes
nanowires
accumulators
cycles
ions
Strain relaxation
Lithium batteries
lithium batteries
durability
Durability
flux density
Vapors
vapors
conduction
Electrodes
electrodes
Lithium-ion batteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

Cite this

High capacity Li ion battery anodes using Ge nanowires. / Chan, Candace; Zhang, Xiao Feng; Cui, Yi.

In: Nano Letters, Vol. 8, No. 1, 01.2008, p. 307-309.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chan, Candace ; Zhang, Xiao Feng ; Cui, Yi. / High capacity Li ion battery anodes using Ge nanowires. In: Nano Letters. 2008 ; Vol. 8, No. 1. pp. 307-309.
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