By a combination of conventional physical property measurements and high-temperature electrical property studies, the solid solution limit, transport parameters, and potential defect regimes of the Bi2.1Sr1.9(Ca1-xYx)Cu2Oy solid solution were established. A continuous solid solution extends to x = 0.7 or 0.8. The electrical properties indicate that the product of the hole density-of-states and mobility for semiconducting compositions is approximately an order of magnitude smaller than for the other p-type superconducting cuprates. A pronounced drop in hole concentration accompanies the tetragonal-to-orthorhombic transition at x = 0.5, whereafter superconductivity disappears. The electrical properties also indicate that a composition x ≥ 0.7 is the appropriate 'reference' compound for the solid solution series. Upon doping this yttrium-rich insulating composition with calcium, holes are introduced. With increased calcium content (decreased yttrium content) the system exhibits several defect regimes reminiscent of the behavior in the La2-xAExCuO4 (AE = Sr or Ba) system. Oxygen defects (interstitial and vacancies) are believed to play an important role in the defect structure.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of the American Ceramic Society|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ceramics and Composites