Highly absorbing and high lifetime tapered silicon microwire arrays as an alternative for thin film crystalline silicon solar cells

Sisir Yalamanchili, Hal S. Emmer, Nathan S Lewis, Harry A. Atwater

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report cryogenic inductively coupled plasma reactive ion etching (ICPRIE) etched tapered silicon microwires are ideal light trapping structures with extremely low (1.08% between 400 nm-1100 nm under normal incidence) reflectivity. We show that these tapered microwire arrays absorb 90.12% of incident light under normal incidence in an effectively 20 μm thick silicon when embedded in a polymer and peeled off the substrate, making them an attractive alternative for achieving high efficiency in thin film crystalline silicon solar cells. We show that microwave photoconductivity decay measurements as a simple quick way to measure carrier lifetimes in etched microwires under various liquid surface passivation techniques to estimate surface recombination velocities. The etched structures demonstrate >1 μs lifetimes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 IEEE 43rd Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2999-3003
Number of pages5
Volume2016-November
ISBN (Electronic)9781509027248
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 18 2016
Event43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2016 - Portland, United States
Duration: Jun 5 2016Jun 10 2016

Other

Other43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2016
CountryUnited States
CityPortland
Period6/5/166/10/16

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Keywords

  • absortion
  • carrier lifetime
  • microwires
  • reflection
  • silicon
  • surface passivation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Yalamanchili, S., Emmer, H. S., Lewis, N. S., & Atwater, H. A. (2016). Highly absorbing and high lifetime tapered silicon microwire arrays as an alternative for thin film crystalline silicon solar cells. In 2016 IEEE 43rd Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2016 (Vol. 2016-November, pp. 2999-3003). [7750213] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/PVSC.2016.7750213