Highly efficient large-area colourless luminescent solar concentrators using heavy-metal-free colloidal quantum dots

Francesco Meinardi, Hunter McDaniel, Francesco Carulli, Annalisa Colombo, Kirill A. Velizhanin, Nikolay S. Makarov, Roberto Simonutti, Victor I Klimov, Sergio Brovelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

201 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Luminescent solar concentrators serving as semitransparent photovoltaic windows could become an important element in net zero energy consumption buildings of the future. Colloidal quantum dots are promising materials for luminescent solar concentrators as they can be engineered to provide the large Stokes shift necessary for suppressing reabsorption losses in large-area devices. Existing Stokes-shift-engineered quantum dots allow for only partial coverage of the solar spectrum, which limits their light-harvesting ability and leads to colouring of the luminescent solar concentrators, complicating their use in architecture. Here, we use quantum dots of ternary I-III-VI 2 semiconductors to realize the first large-area quantum dot-luminescent solar concentrators free of toxic elements, with reduced reabsorption and extended coverage of the solar spectrum. By incorporating CuInSe x S 2-x quantum dots into photo-polymerized poly(lauryl methacrylate), we obtain freestanding, colourless slabs that introduce no distortion to perceived colours and are thus well suited for the realization of photovoltaic windows. Thanks to the suppressed reabsorption and high emission efficiencies of the quantum dots, we achieve an optical power efficiency of 3.2%. Ultrafast spectroscopy studies suggest that the Stokes-shifted emission involves a conduction-band electron and a hole residing in an intragap state associated with a native defect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)878-885
Number of pages8
JournalNature Nanotechnology
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2015

Fingerprint

Solar concentrators
concentrators
heavy metals
Heavy Metals
Semiconductor quantum dots
Heavy metals
quantum dots
solar spectra
Poisons
shift
energy consumption
power efficiency
Coloring
Conduction bands
conduction bands
slabs
Energy utilization
Spectroscopy
Semiconductor materials
Color

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Meinardi, F., McDaniel, H., Carulli, F., Colombo, A., Velizhanin, K. A., Makarov, N. S., ... Brovelli, S. (2015). Highly efficient large-area colourless luminescent solar concentrators using heavy-metal-free colloidal quantum dots. Nature Nanotechnology, 10(10), 878-885. https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2015.178

Highly efficient large-area colourless luminescent solar concentrators using heavy-metal-free colloidal quantum dots. / Meinardi, Francesco; McDaniel, Hunter; Carulli, Francesco; Colombo, Annalisa; Velizhanin, Kirill A.; Makarov, Nikolay S.; Simonutti, Roberto; Klimov, Victor I; Brovelli, Sergio.

In: Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 10, No. 10, 01.10.2015, p. 878-885.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Meinardi, F, McDaniel, H, Carulli, F, Colombo, A, Velizhanin, KA, Makarov, NS, Simonutti, R, Klimov, VI & Brovelli, S 2015, 'Highly efficient large-area colourless luminescent solar concentrators using heavy-metal-free colloidal quantum dots', Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 878-885. https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2015.178
Meinardi, Francesco ; McDaniel, Hunter ; Carulli, Francesco ; Colombo, Annalisa ; Velizhanin, Kirill A. ; Makarov, Nikolay S. ; Simonutti, Roberto ; Klimov, Victor I ; Brovelli, Sergio. / Highly efficient large-area colourless luminescent solar concentrators using heavy-metal-free colloidal quantum dots. In: Nature Nanotechnology. 2015 ; Vol. 10, No. 10. pp. 878-885.
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