How to interpret current-voltage relationships of blocking grain boundaries in oxygen ionic conductors

Seong K. Kim, Sergey Khodorov, Chien Ting Chen, Sangtae Kim, Igor Lubomirsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new model based on a linear diffusion equation is proposed to explain the current-voltage characteristics of blocking grain boundaries in Y-doped CeO2 in particular. One can also expect that the model can be applicable to the ionic conductors with blocking grain boundaries, in general. The model considers an infinitely long chain of identical grains separated by grain boundaries, which are treated as regions in which depletion layers of mobile ions are formed due to trapping of immobile charges that do not depend on the applied voltage as well as temperature. The model assumes that (1) the grain boundaries do not represent physical blocking layers, which implies that if there is a second phase at the grain boundaries, then it is too thin to impede ion diffusion and (2) the ions follow Boltzmann distribution throughout the materials. Despite its simplicity, the model successfully reproduces the "power law": current proportional to voltage power n and illustrated with the experimental example of Y-doped ceria. The model also correctly predicts that the product nT, where T is the temperature in K, is constant and is proportional to the grain boundary potential as long as the charge at the grain boundaries remains trapped. The latter allows its direct determination from the current-voltage characteristics and promises considerable simplification in the analysis of the electrical characteristics of the grain boundaries with respect to the models currently in use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8716-8721
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume15
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 14 2013

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Grain boundaries
grain boundaries
conductors
Oxygen
Electric potential
electric potential
oxygen
Ions
Current voltage characteristics
ions
Boltzmann distribution
Cerium compounds
simplification
depletion
trapping
Temperature
temperature
products

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

How to interpret current-voltage relationships of blocking grain boundaries in oxygen ionic conductors. / Kim, Seong K.; Khodorov, Sergey; Chen, Chien Ting; Kim, Sangtae; Lubomirsky, Igor.

In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 15, No. 22, 14.06.2013, p. 8716-8721.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, Seong K. ; Khodorov, Sergey ; Chen, Chien Ting ; Kim, Sangtae ; Lubomirsky, Igor. / How to interpret current-voltage relationships of blocking grain boundaries in oxygen ionic conductors. In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 2013 ; Vol. 15, No. 22. pp. 8716-8721.
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