Ideal behavior of the open circuit voltage of semiconductor/liquid junctions

Mary L. Rosenbluth, Nathan S Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Citations (Scopus)


Using simple bimolecular kinetic expressions for interfacial charge-transfer rates at semiconductor/liquid junctions, the authors present an analysis of the dependence of the open circuit voltage, Voc, on the solution redox potential E(A+/A). It is found that if E(A+/A) is varied by using a series of redox couples with identical heterogeneous rate constants and the concentrations [A] and [A+] are held constant, Voc should change as E(A+/A) is varied. However, if E(A+/A) is manipulated for a given redox system by changing [A+] and holding [A] constant, 'ideal' behavior predicts no change in Voc at different solution redox potentials. These considerations are of importance both in diagnosing the presence of Fermi level pinning at semiconductor electrodes and in the design of photoelectrochemical cells for use in solar energy conversion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3735-3740
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - May 4 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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