Improved synthesis of (η5-CpR)M(CO)4 compounds and the Nujol matrix photochemistry of (η5-C5H5)M(CO)4 and (η5-C9H7)M(CO)4, where M=Nb and Ta

Thomas E. Bitterwolf, Skip Gallagher, J. Timothy Bays, Bruce Scallorn, Arnold L. Rheingold, Ilia A. Guzei, Louise Liable-Sands, John C. Linehan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Improved preparative routes for cyclopentadienyl (Cp) and substituted Cp(CO)4 derivatives of niobium and tantalum and their precursors are described. New compounds are fully characterized by IR, NMR, and elemental analysis. The molecular structures of five compounds were determined: (vinylCp)Nb(CO)4: triclinic, Pī, a=6.770(1) Å, b=6.937(1) Å, c=12.706(2) Å, α=90.42(1)°, β=91.07(1)°, γ=105.560(8)°, V=574.71(12) Å3, Z=2, R(F)=2.82; (acetylCp)Nb(CO)4: monoclinic, P21/c, a=10.316(2) Å, b=14.490(3) Å, c=7.957(3) Å, β=94.68(2)°, V=1185.4(4) Å3, Z=4, R(F)=2.58; (Cp)Ta(CO)4: orthorhombic, Pnma, a=7.756(1) Å, b=12.159(2) Å, c=10.580(1) Å, V=997.7(2) Å3, Z=4, R(F)=2.60; (indenyl)Ta(CO)4: monoclinic, P21/n, a=6.602(2) Å, b=12.399(1) Å, c=7.4775(9) Å, β=92.05(2)°, V=611.2(2) Å3, Z=2, R(F)=3.05; and (benzoylCp)Ta(CO)4: monoclinic, P21/c, a=12.552(10) Å, b=6.5247(2) Å, c=18.4682(2) Å, β=98.9152(4)°, V=1494.24(5) Å3, Z=4, RF)=2.83 are reported. Photolysis of CpMCO)4 and indenyl)MCO)4, where M=Nb and Ta, in Nujol glass matrices were found to result in loss of one to three CO ligands as a function of the wavelength of the incident light. Annealing or reverse photolysis resulted in reversal of these CO-loss reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-92
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Organometallic Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 20 1998


  • Niobium
  • Photochemistry
  • Tantalum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Improved synthesis of (η<sup>5</sup>-CpR)M(CO)<sub>4</sub> compounds and the Nujol matrix photochemistry of (η<sup>5</sup>-C<sub>5</sub>H<sub>5</sub>)M(CO)<sub>4</sub> and (η<sup>5</sup>-C<sub>9</sub>H<sub>7</sub>)M(CO)<sub>4</sub>, where M=Nb and Ta'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this