Incomplete Peierls-like chain dimerization as a mechanism for intrinsic conductivity and optical transparency: A La-Cu-O-S phase with mixed-anion layers as a case study

Jino Im, Giancarlo Trimarchi, Kenneth R Poeppelmeier, Alex Zunger

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Abstract

The family of La-based copper oxide sulfides includes LaCuOS, the prototypical transparent conducting oxide sulfide when doped, as well as La5Cu6O4S7, a compound with a layered structure analogous to LaCuOS but with a row of O atoms substituted by S atoms in the Lao layer. We propose that La5Cu6O4S7 is an instance of an oxide-sulfide intrinsic transparent conductor (i.e., not requiring doping), while, so far, only oxides have been proposed as intrinsic transparent conductors. A one-dimensional (1D) atom chain as that found in La5Cu6O4S7 often promotes in related systems a Peierls distortion with respect to the equispaced chain geometry, whereby adjacent atoms form dimers. Such a distortion is expected to open a band gap and lower the total energy, thus leading to thermodynamic stability. In La5Cu6O4S7 we find that the configuration with undimerized 1D chains (the α phase) is both metallic and thermodynamically unstable. The fully dimerized, Peierls configurations (the β phase) exhibits an insulating band gap, however it is energetically unstable. The stable structure has chains with a ∼66% degree of dimerization; in this structure the energetically preferred repeating chain motif is one in which two dimers are separated by one S atom, while chain segments with directly adjacent dimers are energetically unfavorable. The stable configuration is metallic with electron depletion in the Cu2S2 layer with respect to the Cud10 valence configuration that effectively amounts to creating a hole in the Cu bands at the valence maximum. In the stable partially dimerized phase the intraband, plasmonic transitions are weak while the onset of the strong interband transitions is at around 3 eV, which are both properties that enable transparency. In this paper we explain (i) why La5Cu6O4S7 has an incomplete Peierls distortion, (ii) how the incomplete Peierls distortion in La5Cu6O4S7 creates the coexistence of intrinsic transparency and conductivity which is otherwise unusual in oxide sulfides, and (iii) discuss the agreement between the predicted and the measured structure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number235139
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume92
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 22 2015

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Dimerization
dimerization
Transparency
Anions
Sulfides
Negative ions
Oxides
anions
Atoms
conductivity
sulfides
Dimers
oxides
dimers
atoms
configurations
Energy gap
Laos
conductors
Copper oxides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

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title = "Incomplete Peierls-like chain dimerization as a mechanism for intrinsic conductivity and optical transparency: A La-Cu-O-S phase with mixed-anion layers as a case study",
abstract = "The family of La-based copper oxide sulfides includes LaCuOS, the prototypical transparent conducting oxide sulfide when doped, as well as La5Cu6O4S7, a compound with a layered structure analogous to LaCuOS but with a row of O atoms substituted by S atoms in the Lao layer. We propose that La5Cu6O4S7 is an instance of an oxide-sulfide intrinsic transparent conductor (i.e., not requiring doping), while, so far, only oxides have been proposed as intrinsic transparent conductors. A one-dimensional (1D) atom chain as that found in La5Cu6O4S7 often promotes in related systems a Peierls distortion with respect to the equispaced chain geometry, whereby adjacent atoms form dimers. Such a distortion is expected to open a band gap and lower the total energy, thus leading to thermodynamic stability. In La5Cu6O4S7 we find that the configuration with undimerized 1D chains (the α phase) is both metallic and thermodynamically unstable. The fully dimerized, Peierls configurations (the β phase) exhibits an insulating band gap, however it is energetically unstable. The stable structure has chains with a ∼66{\%} degree of dimerization; in this structure the energetically preferred repeating chain motif is one in which two dimers are separated by one S atom, while chain segments with directly adjacent dimers are energetically unfavorable. The stable configuration is metallic with electron depletion in the Cu2S2 layer with respect to the Cud10 valence configuration that effectively amounts to creating a hole in the Cu bands at the valence maximum. In the stable partially dimerized phase the intraband, plasmonic transitions are weak while the onset of the strong interband transitions is at around 3 eV, which are both properties that enable transparency. In this paper we explain (i) why La5Cu6O4S7 has an incomplete Peierls distortion, (ii) how the incomplete Peierls distortion in La5Cu6O4S7 creates the coexistence of intrinsic transparency and conductivity which is otherwise unusual in oxide sulfides, and (iii) discuss the agreement between the predicted and the measured structure.",
author = "Jino Im and Giancarlo Trimarchi and Poeppelmeier, {Kenneth R} and Alex Zunger",
year = "2015",
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T2 - A La-Cu-O-S phase with mixed-anion layers as a case study

AU - Im, Jino

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AU - Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R

AU - Zunger, Alex

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N2 - The family of La-based copper oxide sulfides includes LaCuOS, the prototypical transparent conducting oxide sulfide when doped, as well as La5Cu6O4S7, a compound with a layered structure analogous to LaCuOS but with a row of O atoms substituted by S atoms in the Lao layer. We propose that La5Cu6O4S7 is an instance of an oxide-sulfide intrinsic transparent conductor (i.e., not requiring doping), while, so far, only oxides have been proposed as intrinsic transparent conductors. A one-dimensional (1D) atom chain as that found in La5Cu6O4S7 often promotes in related systems a Peierls distortion with respect to the equispaced chain geometry, whereby adjacent atoms form dimers. Such a distortion is expected to open a band gap and lower the total energy, thus leading to thermodynamic stability. In La5Cu6O4S7 we find that the configuration with undimerized 1D chains (the α phase) is both metallic and thermodynamically unstable. The fully dimerized, Peierls configurations (the β phase) exhibits an insulating band gap, however it is energetically unstable. The stable structure has chains with a ∼66% degree of dimerization; in this structure the energetically preferred repeating chain motif is one in which two dimers are separated by one S atom, while chain segments with directly adjacent dimers are energetically unfavorable. The stable configuration is metallic with electron depletion in the Cu2S2 layer with respect to the Cud10 valence configuration that effectively amounts to creating a hole in the Cu bands at the valence maximum. In the stable partially dimerized phase the intraband, plasmonic transitions are weak while the onset of the strong interband transitions is at around 3 eV, which are both properties that enable transparency. In this paper we explain (i) why La5Cu6O4S7 has an incomplete Peierls distortion, (ii) how the incomplete Peierls distortion in La5Cu6O4S7 creates the coexistence of intrinsic transparency and conductivity which is otherwise unusual in oxide sulfides, and (iii) discuss the agreement between the predicted and the measured structure.

AB - The family of La-based copper oxide sulfides includes LaCuOS, the prototypical transparent conducting oxide sulfide when doped, as well as La5Cu6O4S7, a compound with a layered structure analogous to LaCuOS but with a row of O atoms substituted by S atoms in the Lao layer. We propose that La5Cu6O4S7 is an instance of an oxide-sulfide intrinsic transparent conductor (i.e., not requiring doping), while, so far, only oxides have been proposed as intrinsic transparent conductors. A one-dimensional (1D) atom chain as that found in La5Cu6O4S7 often promotes in related systems a Peierls distortion with respect to the equispaced chain geometry, whereby adjacent atoms form dimers. Such a distortion is expected to open a band gap and lower the total energy, thus leading to thermodynamic stability. In La5Cu6O4S7 we find that the configuration with undimerized 1D chains (the α phase) is both metallic and thermodynamically unstable. The fully dimerized, Peierls configurations (the β phase) exhibits an insulating band gap, however it is energetically unstable. The stable structure has chains with a ∼66% degree of dimerization; in this structure the energetically preferred repeating chain motif is one in which two dimers are separated by one S atom, while chain segments with directly adjacent dimers are energetically unfavorable. The stable configuration is metallic with electron depletion in the Cu2S2 layer with respect to the Cud10 valence configuration that effectively amounts to creating a hole in the Cu bands at the valence maximum. In the stable partially dimerized phase the intraband, plasmonic transitions are weak while the onset of the strong interband transitions is at around 3 eV, which are both properties that enable transparency. In this paper we explain (i) why La5Cu6O4S7 has an incomplete Peierls distortion, (ii) how the incomplete Peierls distortion in La5Cu6O4S7 creates the coexistence of intrinsic transparency and conductivity which is otherwise unusual in oxide sulfides, and (iii) discuss the agreement between the predicted and the measured structure.

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