Indium tin oxide alternatives - High work function transparent conducting oxides as anodes for organic light-emitting diodes

J. Cui, A. Wang, N. L. Edleman, J. Ni, P. Lee, N. R. Armstrong, Tobin J Marks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

260 Citations (Scopus)


The applicability of non-indium tin oxide (ITO) transparent conducting oxide materials as effective organic light-emitting diodes (OLED) was described. These materials exhibit high electrical conductivity, electroluminescence and optical transparency, and work function greater than that of commercial ITO. The anode work function was found to be an important factor along with OLED hole injection efficiency, chemical compatibility of the TCO surface with organic overlayer and microstructure dependent charge injection kinetics at the interface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1476-1480
Number of pages5
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2 2001


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this