Coordination complexes have emerged as prominent modulators of amyloid aggregation via their interaction with the N-terminal histidine residues of amyloid-β (Aβ). Herein, we report the synthesis and characterization of a novel cobalt(III) Schiff base complex with methylamine axial ligands, and we present both computational and experimental data demonstrating the reduction of β-sheet formation by this complex. The computations include molecular dynamics simulations of both monomeric and pentameric Aβ, which demonstrate decreased formation of β-sheet structures, destabilization of preformed β-sheets, and suppression of aggregation. These results are consistent with a dose dependence in experimental bulk aggregation data using thioflavin T fluorescence, and overall this study demonstrates useful drug activity of the cobalt complex.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry