Insertion of isocyanides into the Zr-C bond of ruthenium/zirconium dimetalloalkenes. Spectroscopic and structural comparisons of the η2-iminoacyl complexes Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=CRC(NtBu)ZrClCp2 (R = H vs R = Me) and kinetics of isomerization of a thermodynamically unstable η2-iminoacyl complex

Frederick R. Lemke, David J. Szalda, R Morris Bullock

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Abstract

The reaction of Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=CHZrClCp2 with tBuNC produces an η2-iminoacyl complex, Cp-(PMe3)2RuCH=CHC(NtBu)ZrClCp2. The initially formed isomer of this compound is the "N-outside" isomer (2Hk), where the N-donor portion of the η2-iminoacyl ligand is on the outside position of the three ligation sites of the Cp2Zr moiety. This kinetic isomer cleanly rearranges to the thermodynamic "N-inside" isomer (2Ht). Activation parameters determined for this rearrangement are ΔH = 19.9 ± 0.6 kcal mol-1, ΔS = -3.4 ± 2.2 cal K-1 mol-1, and ΔG(298 K) = 20.9 kcal mol-1. Spectroscopic and crystallographic data for 2Ht indicate a significant contribution from a zwitterionic resonance form that is facilitated by the disparate electronic properties of the electron-rich ruthenium and the electron-deficient zirconium moieties. The reaction of tBuNC with the analogous methylated dimetalloalkene Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=C-(CH3)ZrClCp2 gives the η2-iminoacyl complex Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=C(CH3)C(N tBu)ZrClCp2 (2Me). Spectroscopic and crystallographic data for 2Me indicate that the presence of a single methyl group has a profound influence on the structural and electronic properties of this η2-iminoacyl complex, compared to 2Ht. In contrast to 2Ht, the metals and the organic bridging group in 2Me are twisted out of planarity in order to avoid an unfavorable interaction of the methyl group and the tBu group. Spectroscopic and structural data suggest negligible contribution from the zwitterionic resonance form in this compound, due to steric inhibition of resonance. The reaction of the less sterically demanding isocyanide MeNC with Cp-(PMe3)2RuCH=C(R)ZrClCp2 (R = H, CH3) gives Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=CHC(NMe)ZrClCp2 (3H) and Cp-(PMe3)2RuCH=C(CH3)C(NMe)ZrClCp2 (3Me). Spectroscopic data for 3H and 3Me and structural data for 3Me indicate a contribution from a zwitterionic resonance form for both of these η2-iminoacyl complexes. Crystallographic data for 2Ht: orthorhombic space group Pnma, a = 16.640 (3) Å, b = 13.936 (3) Å, c = 13.290 (3), V = 3082 (2) Å3, Z = 4. Crystallographic data for 2Me: monoclinic space group P21/c, a = 13.386 (3) Å, b = 22.514 (6) Å, c = 10.639 (3), β = 91.89 (2)°, V = 3205 (3) Å3, Z = 4. Crystallographic data for 3Me: monoclinic space group P21/n, a = 13.031 (3) Å, b = 14.880 (4) Å, c = 15.594 (3), β = 108.08 (2)°, V = 2874 (2) Å3, Z = 4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)876-884
Number of pages9
JournalOrganometallics
Volume11
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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Ruthenium
Cyanides
Isomerization
Isomers
isomerization
ruthenium
insertion
Kinetics
kinetics
Electronic properties
isomers
Electrons
Structural properties
Metals
Chemical activation
Thermodynamics
Ligands
electronics
electrons
activation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

@article{4fc0540920de4b3d9c378d7b2fef909a,
title = "Insertion of isocyanides into the Zr-C bond of ruthenium/zirconium dimetalloalkenes. Spectroscopic and structural comparisons of the η2-iminoacyl complexes Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=CRC(NtBu)ZrClCp2 (R = H vs R = Me) and kinetics of isomerization of a thermodynamically unstable η2-iminoacyl complex",
abstract = "The reaction of Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=CHZrClCp2 with tBuNC produces an η2-iminoacyl complex, Cp-(PMe3)2RuCH=CHC(NtBu)ZrClCp2. The initially formed isomer of this compound is the {"}N-outside{"} isomer (2Hk), where the N-donor portion of the η2-iminoacyl ligand is on the outside position of the three ligation sites of the Cp2Zr moiety. This kinetic isomer cleanly rearranges to the thermodynamic {"}N-inside{"} isomer (2Ht). Activation parameters determined for this rearrangement are ΔH‡ = 19.9 ± 0.6 kcal mol-1, ΔS‡ = -3.4 ± 2.2 cal K-1 mol-1, and ΔG‡(298 K) = 20.9 kcal mol-1. Spectroscopic and crystallographic data for 2Ht indicate a significant contribution from a zwitterionic resonance form that is facilitated by the disparate electronic properties of the electron-rich ruthenium and the electron-deficient zirconium moieties. The reaction of tBuNC with the analogous methylated dimetalloalkene Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=C-(CH3)ZrClCp2 gives the η2-iminoacyl complex Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=C(CH3)C(N tBu)ZrClCp2 (2Me). Spectroscopic and crystallographic data for 2Me indicate that the presence of a single methyl group has a profound influence on the structural and electronic properties of this η2-iminoacyl complex, compared to 2Ht. In contrast to 2Ht, the metals and the organic bridging group in 2Me are twisted out of planarity in order to avoid an unfavorable interaction of the methyl group and the tBu group. Spectroscopic and structural data suggest negligible contribution from the zwitterionic resonance form in this compound, due to steric inhibition of resonance. The reaction of the less sterically demanding isocyanide MeNC with Cp-(PMe3)2RuCH=C(R)ZrClCp2 (R = H, CH3) gives Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=CHC(NMe)ZrClCp2 (3H) and Cp-(PMe3)2RuCH=C(CH3)C(NMe)ZrClCp2 (3Me). Spectroscopic data for 3H and 3Me and structural data for 3Me indicate a contribution from a zwitterionic resonance form for both of these η2-iminoacyl complexes. Crystallographic data for 2Ht: orthorhombic space group Pnma, a = 16.640 (3) {\AA}, b = 13.936 (3) {\AA}, c = 13.290 (3), V = 3082 (2) {\AA}3, Z = 4. Crystallographic data for 2Me: monoclinic space group P21/c, a = 13.386 (3) {\AA}, b = 22.514 (6) {\AA}, c = 10.639 (3), β = 91.89 (2)°, V = 3205 (3) {\AA}3, Z = 4. Crystallographic data for 3Me: monoclinic space group P21/n, a = 13.031 (3) {\AA}, b = 14.880 (4) {\AA}, c = 15.594 (3), β = 108.08 (2)°, V = 2874 (2) {\AA}3, Z = 4.",
author = "Lemke, {Frederick R.} and Szalda, {David J.} and Bullock, {R Morris}",
year = "1992",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "876--884",
journal = "Organometallics",
issn = "0276-7333",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Insertion of isocyanides into the Zr-C bond of ruthenium/zirconium dimetalloalkenes. Spectroscopic and structural comparisons of the η2-iminoacyl complexes Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=CRC(NtBu)ZrClCp2 (R = H vs R = Me) and kinetics of isomerization of a thermodynamically unstable η2-iminoacyl complex

AU - Lemke, Frederick R.

AU - Szalda, David J.

AU - Bullock, R Morris

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - The reaction of Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=CHZrClCp2 with tBuNC produces an η2-iminoacyl complex, Cp-(PMe3)2RuCH=CHC(NtBu)ZrClCp2. The initially formed isomer of this compound is the "N-outside" isomer (2Hk), where the N-donor portion of the η2-iminoacyl ligand is on the outside position of the three ligation sites of the Cp2Zr moiety. This kinetic isomer cleanly rearranges to the thermodynamic "N-inside" isomer (2Ht). Activation parameters determined for this rearrangement are ΔH‡ = 19.9 ± 0.6 kcal mol-1, ΔS‡ = -3.4 ± 2.2 cal K-1 mol-1, and ΔG‡(298 K) = 20.9 kcal mol-1. Spectroscopic and crystallographic data for 2Ht indicate a significant contribution from a zwitterionic resonance form that is facilitated by the disparate electronic properties of the electron-rich ruthenium and the electron-deficient zirconium moieties. The reaction of tBuNC with the analogous methylated dimetalloalkene Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=C-(CH3)ZrClCp2 gives the η2-iminoacyl complex Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=C(CH3)C(N tBu)ZrClCp2 (2Me). Spectroscopic and crystallographic data for 2Me indicate that the presence of a single methyl group has a profound influence on the structural and electronic properties of this η2-iminoacyl complex, compared to 2Ht. In contrast to 2Ht, the metals and the organic bridging group in 2Me are twisted out of planarity in order to avoid an unfavorable interaction of the methyl group and the tBu group. Spectroscopic and structural data suggest negligible contribution from the zwitterionic resonance form in this compound, due to steric inhibition of resonance. The reaction of the less sterically demanding isocyanide MeNC with Cp-(PMe3)2RuCH=C(R)ZrClCp2 (R = H, CH3) gives Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=CHC(NMe)ZrClCp2 (3H) and Cp-(PMe3)2RuCH=C(CH3)C(NMe)ZrClCp2 (3Me). Spectroscopic data for 3H and 3Me and structural data for 3Me indicate a contribution from a zwitterionic resonance form for both of these η2-iminoacyl complexes. Crystallographic data for 2Ht: orthorhombic space group Pnma, a = 16.640 (3) Å, b = 13.936 (3) Å, c = 13.290 (3), V = 3082 (2) Å3, Z = 4. Crystallographic data for 2Me: monoclinic space group P21/c, a = 13.386 (3) Å, b = 22.514 (6) Å, c = 10.639 (3), β = 91.89 (2)°, V = 3205 (3) Å3, Z = 4. Crystallographic data for 3Me: monoclinic space group P21/n, a = 13.031 (3) Å, b = 14.880 (4) Å, c = 15.594 (3), β = 108.08 (2)°, V = 2874 (2) Å3, Z = 4.

AB - The reaction of Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=CHZrClCp2 with tBuNC produces an η2-iminoacyl complex, Cp-(PMe3)2RuCH=CHC(NtBu)ZrClCp2. The initially formed isomer of this compound is the "N-outside" isomer (2Hk), where the N-donor portion of the η2-iminoacyl ligand is on the outside position of the three ligation sites of the Cp2Zr moiety. This kinetic isomer cleanly rearranges to the thermodynamic "N-inside" isomer (2Ht). Activation parameters determined for this rearrangement are ΔH‡ = 19.9 ± 0.6 kcal mol-1, ΔS‡ = -3.4 ± 2.2 cal K-1 mol-1, and ΔG‡(298 K) = 20.9 kcal mol-1. Spectroscopic and crystallographic data for 2Ht indicate a significant contribution from a zwitterionic resonance form that is facilitated by the disparate electronic properties of the electron-rich ruthenium and the electron-deficient zirconium moieties. The reaction of tBuNC with the analogous methylated dimetalloalkene Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=C-(CH3)ZrClCp2 gives the η2-iminoacyl complex Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=C(CH3)C(N tBu)ZrClCp2 (2Me). Spectroscopic and crystallographic data for 2Me indicate that the presence of a single methyl group has a profound influence on the structural and electronic properties of this η2-iminoacyl complex, compared to 2Ht. In contrast to 2Ht, the metals and the organic bridging group in 2Me are twisted out of planarity in order to avoid an unfavorable interaction of the methyl group and the tBu group. Spectroscopic and structural data suggest negligible contribution from the zwitterionic resonance form in this compound, due to steric inhibition of resonance. The reaction of the less sterically demanding isocyanide MeNC with Cp-(PMe3)2RuCH=C(R)ZrClCp2 (R = H, CH3) gives Cp(PMe3)2RuCH=CHC(NMe)ZrClCp2 (3H) and Cp-(PMe3)2RuCH=C(CH3)C(NMe)ZrClCp2 (3Me). Spectroscopic data for 3H and 3Me and structural data for 3Me indicate a contribution from a zwitterionic resonance form for both of these η2-iminoacyl complexes. Crystallographic data for 2Ht: orthorhombic space group Pnma, a = 16.640 (3) Å, b = 13.936 (3) Å, c = 13.290 (3), V = 3082 (2) Å3, Z = 4. Crystallographic data for 2Me: monoclinic space group P21/c, a = 13.386 (3) Å, b = 22.514 (6) Å, c = 10.639 (3), β = 91.89 (2)°, V = 3205 (3) Å3, Z = 4. Crystallographic data for 3Me: monoclinic space group P21/n, a = 13.031 (3) Å, b = 14.880 (4) Å, c = 15.594 (3), β = 108.08 (2)°, V = 2874 (2) Å3, Z = 4.

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