Integrating Band Structure Engineering with All-Scale Hierarchical Structuring for High Thermoelectric Performance in PbTe System

Yanling Pei, Gangjian Tan, Dan Feng, Lei Zheng, Qing Tan, Xiaobing Xie, Shengkai Gong, Yue Chen, Jing Feng Li, Jiaqing He, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Li Dong Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)


PbTe1− xSex-2%Na-y%SrTe system is investigated and a high maximum ZT of 2.3 at 923 K for PbTe0.85Se0.15-2%Na-4%SrTe is reported. This is achieved by performing electronic band structures modifications as well as all-scale hierarchical structuring and combining the two effects. It is found that high ZTs in PbTe0.85Se0.15-2%Na-4%SrTe are possible at all temperature from 300 to 873 K with an average ZTave of 1.23. The high performance in PbTe1− xSex-2%Na-y%SrTe can be achieved by either choosing PbTe-2Na-4SrTe or PbTe0.85Se0.15-2Na as a matrix. At room temperature the carrier mobility shows negligible variations as SrTe fraction is increased, however the lattice thermal conductivity is significantly reduced from ≈1.1 to ≈0.82 W m−1 K−1 when 5.0% SrTe is added, correspondingly, the lattice thermal conductivity at 923 K decreases from ≈0.59 to ≈0.43 W m−1 K−1. The power factor maxima of PbTe1− xSex-2Na-4SrTe shift systematically to higher temperature with rising Se fractions due to bands divergence. The maximum power factors reach ≈27, ≈30, ≈31 μW cm−1 K−2 for the x = 0, 0.05, and 0.15 samples peak at 473, 573, and 623 K, respectively. The results indicate that ZT can be increased by synergistic integration of band structure engineering and all-scale hierarchical architectures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1601450
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 8 2017



  • PbTe
  • all-scale hierarchical structuring
  • band structure engineering
  • thermoelectric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this